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Basement membranes can help determine pathways of migrating axons. Although members of the nidogen (entactin) protein family are structural components of basement membranes, we find that nidogen is not required for basement membrane assembly in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Nidogen is localized to body wall basement membranes and is required to(More)
The netrin guidance cue, UNC-6, and the netrin receptors, UNC-5 and UNC-40, guide SDQR cell and axon migrations in C. elegans. In wild-type larvae, SDQR migrations are away from ventral UNC-6-expressing cells, suggesting that UNC-6 repels SDQR. In unc-6 null larvae, SDQR migrations are towards the ventral midline, indicating a response to other guidance(More)
The nervous system of Caenorhabditis elegans comprises circumferential and longitudinal axon tracts. Netrin UNC-6 is required for the guidance of circumferential axon migrations and is expressed by ventral neuroglia and neurons in temporally and spatially regulated patterns. Migrating axons mediate the UNC-6 signal through the UNC-5 and UNC-40 receptors. It(More)
Neurons of the nucleus of the posterior commissure (nuc PC), an identifiable cluster of neurons in the embryonic zebrafish brain, project growth cones ventrally along the posterior commissure to the anterior tegmentum where the PC intersects two longitudinal tracts, the tract of the postoptic commissure (TPOC) and the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF).(More)
In this study, we found that BMP2 exerts neurotrophic effects, including a neuroprotective effect against nocodazole-induced neuritic degeneration, on neuronal cells. We also found that BMP2-induced neurotrophic effects are directly involved in Smad-dependent signaling as well as PI3K/PTEN-Akt-mTOR signaling. Moreover, BMP2-induced neurotrophic effects(More)
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