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Good pain control after surgery is important to prevent negative outcomes such as tachycardia, hypertension, myocardial ischemia, decrease in alveolar ventilation, and poor wound healing. Exacerbations of acute pain can lead to neural sensitization and release of mediators both peripherally and centrally. Clinical wind up occurs from the processes of(More)
The aim of the Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation (FIRE) is to create a Cranfield-like evaluation framework in the spirit of TREC, CLEF and NTCIR, for Indian Language Information Retrieval. For the first year, six Indian languages have been selected: Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, and Telugu. This poster describes the tasks as well as the(More)
BACKGROUND It is established that opioid receptors are present in the dorsal root ganglia and the central as well as peripheral terminals ofprimary afferent neurons. Now, it has been shown that peripheral terminals of afferent nerves can be the sites of the intrinsic modulation of nociception and that opioid analgesia can be mediated by peripheral opioid(More)
This paper looks at the problem of searching for Indian language (IL) content on the Web. Even though the amount of IL content that is available on the Web is growing rapidly, searching through this content using the most popular websearch engines poses certain problems. Since the popular search engines do not use any stemming / orthographic normalization(More)
SUMMARY The administration of intravenous fluids is one of the most common and universal interventions in medicine. Colloids are an alternative to the frequently used crystalloids, with highly variable use depending on a myriad of clinical variables. A colloid is defined as a high molecular weight (MW) substance that largely remains in the intravascular(More)
Pain from surgical procedures occurs as a consequence of tissue trauma and may result in physical, cognitive, and emotional discomfort. Almost a century ago, researchers first described a possible relationship between intraoperative tissue damage and an intensification of acute pain and long-term postoperative pain, now referred to as central sensitization.(More)
There are few reports and observational data that support the safety and efficacy of real-time ultrasound guided (USG) percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) when compared with unguided tracheostomy. We performed real-time USG PDT in our intensive care unit (ICU) patients with the aim of providing safe and cost effective point-of-care management.(More)
SUMMARY Primary hyperparathyroidism is a disease characterized by hypercalcaemia attributable to autonomous overproduction of parathormone. Many patients with primary hyperparathyroidism are asymptomatic. Osteoporosis and nephrolithiasis are some of the major sequelae seen in the symptomatic patients. Parathyroidectomy is the only curative therapy. However(More)
BACKGROUND Women experience moderate to severe postoperative pain following total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH). The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a new modality for providing postoperative pain relief in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study was a single center, prospective randomized trial. After the Institutional Ethics(More)