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INTRODUCTION Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Protective agents that could diminish the injuries induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) are crucial to alleviate the detrimental outcome of stroke. The aim of this study is to investigate the protective roles of lutein in cerebral I/R injury. METHODS Two-hour cerebral ischemia(More)
PURPOSE Retinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) occurs in many ocular diseases and leads to neuronal death. Lutein, a potent antioxidant, is used to prevent severe visual loss in patients with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but its effect on I/R insult is unclear. The objective of the present study is to investigate the neuroprotective effect of(More)
PURPOSE Lutein protects retinal neurons by its anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic properties in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury while its anti-inflammatory effects remain unknown. As Müller cells play a critical role in retinal inflammation, the effect of lutein on Müller cells was investigated in a murine model of I/R injury and a culture model of hypoxic(More)
In the present study, we studied the factors that contribute to the injury-resistant property of melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs). Since phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3 K)/Akt signaling pathway is one of the well-known pathways for neuronal cell survival, we investigated the survival of mRGCs by applying the PI3 K/Akt specific(More)
Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of retinal ischemia/hypoxia, a complication of ocular diseases such as diabetic retinopathy (DR) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Oxidative stress refers to the imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the ability to scavenge these ROS by endogenous antioxidative(More)
Neuronal cell death, glial cell activation, retinal swelling and oxidative injury are complications in retinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries. Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP), extracts from the wolfberries, are good for "eye health" according to Chinese medicine. The aim of our present study is to explore the use of LBP in retinal I/R injury.(More)
Retinal detachment (RD) is a leading cause of blindness, and although final surgical re-attachment rate has greatly improved, visual outcome in many macula-off detachments is disappointing, mainly because of photoreceptor cell death. We previously showed that lutein is anti-apoptotic in rodent models of ischemia/reperfusion injury. The objective of this(More)
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of childhood blindness where vascular abnormality and retinal dysfunction are reported. We showed earlier that genetic deletion of aldose reductase (AR), the rate-limiting enzyme in the polyol pathway, reduced the neovascularization through attenuating oxidative stress induction in the mouse oxygen-induced(More)
Retinal ischemia and oxidative stress lead to neuronal death in many ocular pathologies. Recently, we found that lutein, an oxy-carotenoid, protected the inner retina from ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, it is uncertain whether lutein directly protects retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Here, an in vitro model of hypoxia and oxidative stress was used to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ischemic stroke is a destructive cerebrovascular disease and a leading cause of death. Yet, no ideal neuroprotective agents are available, leaving prevention an attractive alternative. The extracts from the fruits of Lycium barbarum (LBP), a Chinese anti-aging medicine and food supplement, showed neuroprotective function in the retina(More)