Learn More
Polo-like kinase 4 (Plk4) is a key regulator of centriole duplication, an event critical for the maintenance of genomic integrity. We show that Plk4 relocalizes from the inner Cep192 ring to the outer Cep152 ring as newly recruited Cep152 assembles around the Cep192-encircled daughter centriole. Crystal-structure analyses revealed that Cep192- and(More)
The ethanologenic bacterium Zymomonas mobilis ZM4 is of special interest because it has a high ethanol yield. This is made possible by the two alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) present in Z. mobilis ZM4 (zmADHs), which shift the equilibrium of the reaction toward the synthesis of ethanol. They are metal-dependent enzymes: zinc for zmADH1 and iron for zmADH2.(More)
Esterases are one of the most common enzymes and are involved in diverse cellular functions. ybfF protein from Escherichia coli (Ec_ybfF) belongs to the esterase family for the large substrates, palmitoyl coenzyme A and malonyl coenzyme A, which are important cellular intermediates for energy conversion and biomolecular synthesis. To obtain molecular(More)
HlyU is a transcription factor of the ArsR/SmtB family and activates the expression of the pathogenic Vibrio vulnificus RTX toxin. In contrast to the other metal-responding ArsR/SmtB proteins, HlyU does not sense metal ions. To provide its structural information, we elucidated the crystal structure of HlyU from V. vulnificus CMCP6 (HlyU_Vv). The monomeric(More)
Among four types of bacterial restriction enzymes that cleave a foreign DNA depending on its methylation status, type I enzymes composed of three subunits are interesting because of their unique DNA cleavage and translocation mechanisms performed by the restriction subunit (HsdR). The elucidated N-terminal fragment structure of a putative HsdR subunit from(More)
Binding of polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) polo-box domains (PBDs) to phosphothreonine (pThr)/phosphoserine (pSer)-containing sequences is critical for the proper function of Plk1. Although high-affinity synthetic pThr-containing peptides provide starting points for developing PBD-directed inhibitors, to date the efficacy of such peptides in whole cell assays has(More)
The bacterial acquired immune system consists of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs) and CRIPSR-associated (Cas) genes, which include Cas-module repeat-associated mysterious proteins (Cmr). The six Cmr proteins of Pyrococcus furiosus (pfCmr1-pfCmr6) form a Cmr effector complex that functions against exogenous nucleic acid.(More)
The human activating signal cointegrator 1 (ASC-1) homology (ASCH) domain is frequently observed in many organisms, although its function has not yet been clearly defined. In Zymomonas mobilis ZM4, the ZMO0922 gene encodes a polypeptide that includes an ASCH domain (zmASCH). To provide a better structural background for the probable role of ASCH(More)
Serving as microtubule-organizing centers, centrosomes play a key role in forming bipolar spindles. The mechanism of how centrosomes promote bipolar spindle assembly in various organisms remains largely unknown. A recent study with Xenopus laevis egg extracts suggested that the Plk1 ortholog Plx1 interacts with the phospho-T46 (p-T46) motif of Xenopus(More)