Learn More
A recent report revealed that phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha (PIK3CA) gene is somatically mutated in several types of human cancer, suggesting the mutated PIK3CA gene as an oncogene in human cancers. However, because the previous report focused the mutational search primarily on colon cancers, the data on PIK3CA mutations in other types of(More)
UNLABELLED Sirtuins are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide oxidized form (NAD(+) )-dependent deacetylases and function in cellular metabolism, stress resistance, and aging. For sirtuin7 (SIRT7), a role in ribosomal gene transcription is proposed, but its function in cancer has been unclear. In this study we show that SIRT7 expression was up-regulated in a(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that deregulation of apoptosis is involved in the mechanisms of cancer development. Caspase-8 activation plays a central role in the initiation phase of apoptosis. The aim of this study was to explore the possibility that genetic alteration of CASPASE-8 gene is involved in the development of human cancers, including(More)
Methylation events play a critical role in various cellular processes including regulation of gene transcription and proliferation. Recently, RUNX3 gene, one of TGF-beta-Smads signaling transduction pathway genes, showed strong tumor-suppressor activity by regulation of epithelial proliferation and apoptosis. To elucidate the potential etiological role of(More)
The use of a proper signal sequence is one of the major determinants for the efficient secretion of heterologous proteins from yeast. The signal sequence derived from inulinase (INU1A) of Kluyveromyces marxianus was evaluated in directing the secretion of a human glycoprotein, alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT), from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A yeast(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-receptor 1 (TRAIL-R1) and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-receptor 2 (TRAIL-R2) are cell-surface receptors involved in tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced cell-death signaling. TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 genes have recently been mapped to(More)
UNLABELLED TP53 is a major gene involved in the determination of proliferation or growth arrest at the cellular level. The polymorphism of p53 at codon 72 has been widely studied; this variation has been associated with cancer susceptibility and disease outcome. The specific aim of this study was to investigate whether the p53 codon 72 polymorphism is(More)
The CALICE collaboration is studying the design of high performance electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters for future International Linear Collider detectors. For the electromagnetic calorimeter, the current baseline choice is a high granularity sampling calorimeter with tungsten as absorber and silicon detectors as sensitive material. A " physics(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is an exoenzyme that potently induces tumor cell motility, and enhances experimental metastasis and angiogenesis. ATX was shown recently to be identical to serum lysophospholipase D activity, producing lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) from lyso-glycerophospholipids. LPA, itself a strong chemoattractant for tumor cells, may mediate the actions of(More)
Mammalian sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) has connected to an ever widening circle of activities that encompass cellular stress resistance, energy metabolism and tumorigenesis. However, underlying mechanisms leading to oncogenic SIRT1 overexpression are less understood. In this study, we identified SIRT1 regulatory microRNA (miRNA) and its function in hepatocellular(More)