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The hepatocyte-specific contrast agent gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) was developed to improve the detection and characterization of focal liver lesions at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Approximately 50% of the injected dose is taken up into the functional hepatocyte and is excreted via the biliary system.(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of double-echo gradient-echo (GRE) chemical shift magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the differentiation of angiomyolipoma (AML) with minimal fat from other renal neoplasms, with pathologic examination or follow-up data serving as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stent placement for intracranial atherosclerosis has become an alternative treatment technique; however, stent placement for middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis remains a technical and clinical challenge. Our purpose was to assess the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of stent placement for MCA stenosis. METHODS Between May(More)
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography with or without an endoscopic biopsy is the method for making a definitive diagnosis of disease in or around the ampulla of Vater. However, the endoscopic findings of neoplastic and non-neoplastic conditions involving the perimapullary area may be similar and an endoscopic assessment is not entirely reliable(More)
A self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) has emerged as an effective palliative treatment for malignant gastroduodenal obstruction resulting from gastric or periampullary malignancy. Despite the stent’s effectiveness, tumor ingrowth and stent migration remain complications requiring reintervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and(More)
The products of the Brucella abortus virB gene locus, which are highly similar to conjugative DNA transfer system, enable the bacterium to replicate within macrophage vacuoles. The replicative phagosome is thought to be established by the interaction of a substrate of the VirB complex with macrophages, although the substrate and its host cellular target(More)
Brucella canis and Leptospira interrogans are pathogenic bacteria that cause brucellosis and leptospirosis in dogs around the world. Both diseases can be diagnosed serologically, but the direct detection of these organisms in canine semen is needed when it is used for artificial reproduction. We have been attempting the artificial reproduction of guide dogs(More)
AIM To identify the associated risk factors for hyperechogenic pancreas (HP) which may be observed on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and to assess the relationship between HP and obesity. METHODS From January 2007 to December 2007, we prospectively enrolled 524 consecutive adults who were scheduled to undergo EUS. Patients with a history of pancreatic(More)
There is a wide variety of congenital anomalies that may affect the gastrointestinal tract. Most symptomatic congenital anomalies are found in newborns and infants. Such anomalies are relatively rare in adolescents and adults, and they may be difficult to identify because clinical symptoms often are nonspecific and insidious, causing them to be mistaken for(More)
BACKGROUND Although endoscopic stent placement is now generally accepted as a palliative method of treatment in unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma, exclusively endoscopic placement of bilateral metal stents has been considered very difficult and complex. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the technical and clinical efficacy of endoscopic placement of dual, newly(More)