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BACKGROUND Numerous epidemiological studies have reported that tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for oral cancer, but relatively little is known about the effect of nicotine, a major product of cigarette smoking, on immortalized oral keratinocytes and cancer cells. METHODS We investigated the effects of nicotine on the growth and differentiation of(More)
Bone resorptive cytokines contribute to bone loss in periodontal disease. However, the involvement of SIRT1 in high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1)-induced osteoclastic cytokine production remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of SIRT1 in the responses of human periodontal ligament cells to HMGB1 and to identify the underlying(More)
The roles of IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha in early pulp inflammation were investigated by determining the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, the osteonectin (ON), osteocalcin (OC), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression using an immunoblot method. Primary cultured dental pulp cells were treated with IL-1alpha, TNF-alpha, or both for 3,(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is involved in a variety of regulatory and protective cellular mechanisms as a stress-responsive protein. Whether HO-1 plays a protective role against NO-induced cytotoxicity in oral cancer cells has not yet been established. We used sodium nitroprusside (SNP) as a source of exogenous NO in studies of NO-induced cytotoxicity in(More)
Although substance P (SP) is associated with osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption, little is known about the osteogenic differentiation-inducing effects of SP in periodontal ligament (PDL) cells. This study investigated whether PDL cells could differentiate into osteoblastic-like cells by SP. The expression of osteoblastic differentiation markers(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) play important roles in the regulation of stem cell proliferation and differentiation. However, it has not been examined whether human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells can differentiate into osteoblast-like cells by NO activity mediated via HO-1. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of NO on(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have shown the anti-proliferative effects of iron deprivation on cancer cells, but the effects of iron-chelators on oral cancer have not been clearly elucidated. METHODS To investigate the effects of an iron chelator, desferrioxamine (DFO), on the growth of immortalized human oral keratinocytes (IHOK), primary oral cancer cells(More)
The use of artificial nerve conduit containing viable Schwann cells is one of the most promising strategies to repair peripheral nerve injury. To fabricate an effective nerve conduit whose microstructure and internal environment are more favorable in nerve regeneration than those currently existing, a new three-dimensional (3D) Schwann cell culture(More)
The kringle domain of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (UK1) has anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor effects. Celecoxib, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase type 2, also suppresses angiogenesis and tumor growth. To look for potential additive effects in their activities, we examined the anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor effects of the combination of UK1 and(More)
Apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) contains tandemly repeated kringle domains that are closely related to plasminogen kringle 4, followed by a single kringle 5-like domain and an inactive protease-like domain. Recently, the anti-angiogenic activities of apo(a) have been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. However, its effects on tumor angiogenesis and the(More)