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Bone resorptive cytokines contribute to bone loss in periodontal disease. However, the involvement of SIRT1 in high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1)-induced osteoclastic cytokine production remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of SIRT1 in the responses of human periodontal ligament cells to HMGB1 and to identify the underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous epidemiological studies have reported that tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for oral cancer, but relatively little is known about the effect of nicotine, a major product of cigarette smoking, on immortalized oral keratinocytes and cancer cells. METHODS We investigated the effects of nicotine on the growth and differentiation of(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is involved in a variety of regulatory and protective cellular mechanisms as a stress-responsive protein. Whether HO-1 plays a protective role against NO-induced cytotoxicity in oral cancer cells has not yet been established. We used sodium nitroprusside (SNP) as a source of exogenous NO in studies of NO-induced cytotoxicity in(More)
Although the induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been reported, the HO-1 and odontoblastic differentiation-inducing effects against H2O2 have not been clarified in human pulp cells. In this study, we investigated whether HO-1 is involved in the protective mechanisms against the cytotoxic effects of H2O2 by using a cell(More)
The roles of IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha in early pulp inflammation were investigated by determining the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, the osteonectin (ON), osteocalcin (OC), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression using an immunoblot method. Primary cultured dental pulp cells were treated with IL-1alpha, TNF-alpha, or both for 3,(More)
Ameloblastin (also designated amelin and sheathlin) is an enamel matrix protein expressed within the ameloblast lineage. In this study we analyzed the structure of the rat ameloblastin gene and characterized its subtypes. The promoter sequence contains several E-box-like elements, and consensus sequences for AP1 and SP1. The gene is about 6 kb in length and(More)
Ameloblastomas and adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (AOTs) are common epithelial tumors of odontogenic origin. Ameloblastomas are clinico-pathologically classified into solid/multicystic, unicystic, desmoplastic, and peripheral types, and also divided into follicular, plexiform, acanthomatous, granular types, etc., based on their histological features.(More)
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a relatively uncommon malignant tumour derived from smooth muscle cells that rapidly metastasizes to distant regions. It rarely reaches oral tissues in which smooth muscle tissues are absent. We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with LMS in the maxilla that had metastasized from a primary tumour in her uterus,(More)
Although substance P (SP) is associated with osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption, little is known about the osteogenic differentiation-inducing effects of SP in periodontal ligament (PDL) cells. This study investigated whether PDL cells could differentiate into osteoblastic-like cells by SP. The expression of osteoblastic differentiation markers(More)
T-box transcription factor 22 (Tbx22) belongs to the T-box family of transcription factors and was originally found using an in silico approach to identify new genes in the human Xq12-Xq21 region. Mutations in Tbx22 have been reported in families with X-linked cleft palate and ankyloglossia, but the underlying pathogenetic mechanism remains unknown. The aim(More)