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T lymphocytes differentiate in discrete stages within the thymus. Immature thymocytes lacking CD4 and CD8 coreceptors differentiate into double-positive cells (CD4(+)CD8(+)), which are selected to become either CD4(+)CD8(-)helper cells or CD4(-)CD8(+) cytotoxic cells. A stage-specific transcriptional silencer regulates expression of CD4 in both immature and(More)
Runx3/Pebp2alphaC null mouse gastric mucosa exhibits hyperplasias due to stimulated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis in epithelial cells, and the cells are resistant to growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing action of TGF-beta, indicating that Runx3 is a major growth regulator of gastric epithelial cells. Between 45% and 60% of human gastric cancer(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)/FGF receptor (FGFR) signaling induces the expression of Runx2, a key transcription factor in osteoblast differentiation, but little is known about the molecular signaling mechanisms that mediate this. Here we examined the role of the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway in regulating Runx2 gene expression and its transactivation(More)
Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons specifically project axons to central and peripheral targets according to their sensory modality. The Runt-related genes Runx1 and Runx3 are expressed in DRG neuronal subpopulations, suggesting that they may regulate the trajectories of specific axons. Here we report that Runx3-deficient (Runx3(-/-)) mice displayed severe(More)
Runx2/Cbfa1/Pebp2aA is a global regulator of osteogenesis and is crucial for regulating the expression of bone-specific genes. Runx2 is a major target of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) pathway. Genetic analysis has revealed that Runx2 is degraded through a Smurf-mediated ubiquitination pathway, and its activity is inhibited by HDAC4. Here, we(More)
The Runt domain transcription factors (RUNXs) play essential roles in normal development and neoplasias. Genetic analyses of animals and humans have revealed the involvement of RUNX1 in hematopoiesis and leukemia, RUNX2 in osteogenesis and cleidocranial dysplasia, and RUNX3 in the development of T-cells and dorsal root ganglion neurons and in the genesis of(More)
The RUNX family members play pivotal roles in normal development and neoplasia. RUNX1 and RUNX2 are essential for hematopoiesis and osteogenesis, respectively, while RUNX3 is involved in neurogenesis, thymopoiesis and functions as a tumor suppressor. Inappropriate levels of RUNX activity are associated with leukemia, autoimmune disease, cleidocranial(More)
Genes involved in the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway are frequently altered in several types of cancers, and a gastric tumor suppressor RUNX3 appears to be an integral component of this pathway. We reported previously that apoptosis is notably reduced in Runx3-/- gastric epithelial cells. In the present study, we show that a(More)
RUNX proteins belong to a family of metazoan transcription factors that serve as master regulators of development. They are frequently deregulated in human cancers, indicating a prominent and, at times, paradoxical role in cancer pathogenesis. The contextual cues that direct RUNX function represent a fast-growing field in cancer research and could provide(More)