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Emerging evidence has suggested that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in serum/plasma can serve as noninvasive biomarkers for cancer detection; however, little is known about circulating miRNA profiles in osteosarcoma, a primary malignant bone tumor with high morbidity in young adults and adolescents. The objective of this study was to investigate whether(More)
Giant cell tumors of the bone (GCTBs) are commonly diagnosed in Asian populations, usually around the knee. Herein, we aimed to determine the clinical characteristics, local recurrence rates, and relevant risk factors of primary GCTB around the knee. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were used to identify the risk factors for local recurrence.(More)
Elucidation of the mechanisms of chemo-resistance and implementation of strategies to overcome it will be pivotal to improve the survival for osteosarcoma (OS) patients. We here suggest that sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1) might be the key factor contributing to chemo-resistance in OS. Our Western-blots and immunohistochemistry results showed that SphK1 is(More)
Reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK), a novel membrane-anchored matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, have been shown to be associated with prognosis and suppress tumor progression through angiogenesis inhibition in many cancers. In this study, the expression of RECK in osteosarcoma was examined, and its clinical significance was(More)
The canonical Wnt-beta -catenin signaling pathway is a key component of normal skeletal development and disease. Alterations within this signaling pathway have been described in human and canine osteosarcoma (OS); however, debate exists as to whether or not alterations in this pathway contribute to OS development in humans. In metastatic OS, the(More)
Osteosarcoma is a primary malignant bone tumour with high morbidity that occurs mainly in children and adolescents. While the molecular basis of osteosarcoma has received considerable attention, the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying pre- and postoperative metastasis formation and the development of chemoresistance remain unclear. MicroRNAs(More)
The aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with a variety of diseases, including cancer. In our study, we examined the miRNA expression profile of meningiomas, which is a common type of benign intracranial tumor derived from the protective meninges membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. To define a typical human meningioma miRNA(More)
Astrocytomas are common malignant intracranial tumors that comprise the majority of adult primary central nervous system tumors. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs (20-24 nucleotides) that post-transcriptionally modulate gene expression by negatively regulating the stability or translational efficiency of their target mRNAs. In our previous(More)
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a formation of nonendothelial microvascular channels, has been generally recognized as a new pattern of neovascularization in aggressive malignancies. However, whether VM is present and clinically significant in osteosarcoma remains unknown. We identified VM by CD34/periodic acid-Schiff double staining of osteosarcoma specimens(More)
PURPOSE Chondrosarcoma (CHS) in the spine is relatively rare and minimal information has been published in the literature regarding this subject. The objective of our study was to discuss the factors that may affect outcomes of patients with spinal CHS. METHODS Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors for(More)