Sujata Prakash

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Measurement of serum levels of the prostate specific antigen (PSA) is now widely used for the diagnosis of prostate cancer and benign prostate hyperplasia. This serum marker is of value since it is derived only from the tissue of interest, but increased levels of PSA in serum do not allow a completely clear cut diagnosis of benign versus malignant changes.(More)
1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), a competitive inhibitorof ethylene action, binds to the ethylene receptor toregulate tissue responses to ethylene. In this work,we investigated the effects of 1-MCP and exogenousethylene on ripening, respiration rate, ionicconductivity and peroxidase activity in strawberryfruit. Strawberry fruit can ripen without(More)
We observed a chilling-induced ethylene biosynthesis in Braeburn apples.The stimulatory effect depended on the length of the cooling period. The longerthe period, the stronger the stimulation. Low temperature stimulated activityand gene expression of ACS, but only stimulated gene expression of ACO. Thestimulatory effect of low temperature on gene expression(More)
Tissue fibrosis that complicates chronic inflammation can be a cause of serious morbidity. The molecular links between inflammation and fibrosis appear to be a variety of proteins produced by activated chronic inflammatory cells. Collectively, these fibrogenic cytokines promote the growth of fibroblasts and the production of extracellular matrix that are(More)
Liver fibrosis is the most serious complication of infection with Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma japonicum and is responsible for severe morbidity and mortality in hundreds of thousands of patients in many Third World nations. The pathogenesis of this condition remains to be elucidated. We proposed that certain cytokines produced by cells that comprise(More)
We report that the novel lymphokine fibroblast-stimulating factor 1, produced within hepatic schistosomal egg granulomas, stimulates liver fat-storing cells (FSC) in vitro to proliferate and express fibronectin genes. Because FSC are critical in hepatic fibrogenesis generally, we propose that in vivo stimulation of FSC by fibroblast-stimulating factor 1 may(More)
Schistosomal egg granulomas spontaneously secrete fibrogenic factors, suggesting that there exists a molecular link between granulomatous inflammation and hepatic fibrosis in schistosomiasis. To further assess this possibility, we compared elaboration of fibrogenic factors by egg granulomas isolated from Schistosoma mansoni-infected euthymic mice that(More)
Schistosomiasis is the main cause of hepatic fibrosis worldwide, yet its pathogenesis remains unknown. We previously reported that conditioned medium from cultures of hepatic egg granulomas (isolated from mice acutely infected with Schistosoma mansoni) can stimulate fibroblast proliferation and matrix production in vitro. We have proposed that initiation of(More)
We previously demonstrated that egg granulomas isolated from the liver of mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni secrete factors that stimulate fibroblast proliferation in vitro. Because this growth factor also stimulated thymocyte proliferation, we further investigated the mesenchymal target cell specificity of this factor. We now report that granulomas(More)
Myocardial fibrosis can occur as a complication of chronic infection of the heart with Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas' disease) and can lead to serious disability. To assess whether there might be a direct relationship between intracellular parasitization and subsequent tissue fibrosis in this disease, we tested serum-free conditioned media from cultures of(More)