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As a collective and highly dynamic social group, the human crowd is a fascinating phenomenon that has been frequently studied by experts from various areas. Recently, computer-based modeling and simulation technologies have emerged to support investigation of the dynamics of crowds, such as a crowd's behaviors under normal and emergent situations. This(More)
Maintaining a consistent view of the simulated world among different simulation nodes is a fundamental problem in large-scale distributed virtual environments (DVEs). In this paper, we characterize this problem by quantifying the time-space inconsistency in a DVE. To this end, a metric is defined to measure the time-space inconsistency in a DVE. One major(More)
We investigate the causality issue in distributed virtual environments. Causality has been widely studied in parallel and distributed systems. However, most of the work in causality detection and preservation are from a logical time system point of view, which are not generally suitable for distributed virtual environments due to the high cost of the(More)
—The fundamental goal of distributed virtual environments (DVEs) is to create a common and consistent presentation of the virtual world among a set of computers interconnected by a network. This paper investigates update scheduling algorithms to make efficient use of network capacity and improve consistency in DVEs. Our approach is to schedule state updates(More)