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Important advances have been made in the immunodiagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) based on the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-specific T cells. However, the sensitivity and specificity of the immunological approach are relatively low because there are no specific markers for antigen-specific Th cells, and some of the Th cells that do not produce(More)
The mechanism by which IFN-α regulates the host response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infection in humans is poorly understood. In the present study, we found that freshly isolated pleural fluid mononuclear cells (PFMCs) from tuberculous pleural effusion but not peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) spontaneously expressed IFN-α and IL-1β in(More)
Tuberculous pleurisy (TBP) is a frequent extrapulmonary manifestation characterized by the accumulation of inflammatory cells that can sometimes be spontaneously self-cured. To achieve a greater insight into T cells at a local site, we systematically characterized and compared the numbers of antigen-specific T cells responding to BCG- or MTB-specific(More)
In the current study of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-specific T and B cells, we found that MTB-specific peptides from early secreted antigenic target-6 (ESAT-6) and culture filtrate protein-10 (CFP-10) induced the expression of IL-21 predominantly in CD4(+) T cells. A fraction of IL-21-expressing CD4(+) T cells simultaneously expressed Th1 cytokines but(More)
B-cell biology has been largely uncharacterized in the field of tuberculosis (TB). In this study, we investigated the immunophenotypical and functional characteristics of B cells obtained from the pleural fluid (PF) and peripheral blood of patients with tuberculous pleuritis (TP). Our results indicated that the total numbers of B cells, CD27(+) memory B(More)
T cell-mediated immunity is critical for the control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Identifying the precise immune mechanisms that lead to control of initial M. tuberculosis infection and preventing reactivation of latent infection are crucial for combating tuberculosis. However, a detailed understanding of the role of T cells in the immune(More)
Th1 cell-mediated immune responses at the site of active infection are important to restrict the growth of M. tuberculosis (MTB) and for the spontaneous resolution of patients with tuberculous pleurisy (TBP). In the present study, we found that without any stimulation, CD4(+) T cells in pleural fluid cells (PFCs) from patients with TBP expressed(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are known as innate immune lymphocytes that respond rapidly when challenged by pathogens but little is known about adaptive immune features including memory related to NK cells from human beings. In the present study, we demonstrate for the first time that human NK cells expressing the memory-associated marker CD45RO were(More)
Immunosuppressive mediators in tuberculosis pleurisy (pleural fluid (PF)) are associated with the course of disease, but they remain poorly defined. To study the local immune status of patients with tuberculosis pleurisy, we examined the effect of PF on the functions of T cells and the differentiation of Th1 cells. PF could inhibit the ability of T cells to(More)
Increasing evidences in animals and humans suggest that CD8(+) T cells contribute significantly to immune defenses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In the present study, we found that without any stimulation, CD8(+) T cells in pleural fluid cells (PFCs) expressed significantly higher levels of CD69 than PBMCs from patients with tuberculous pleurisy(More)