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Flavonoids are predominantly found as glycosides in plants. The glycosylation of flavonoids is mediated by uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGT). UGTs attach various sugars, including arabinose, glucose, galactose, xylose, and glucuronic acid, to flavonoid aglycones. Two UGTs isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana, AtUGT78D2 and AtUGT78D3,(More)
Macroautophagy (autophagy) is believed to maintain energy homeostasis by degrading unnecessary cellular components and molecules. Its implication in regulating cancer metabolism recently started to be uncovered. However, the precise roles of autophagy in cancer metabolism are still unclear. Here, we show that autophagy plays a critical role in glutamine(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a composite weight-loss dietary supplement on body composition and blood lipid changes in middle-aged women. METHODS Thirty seven middle-aged women living in the Kyunggi area participated in this study and they were randomly divided into 2 groups (Dietary supplement ingestion group;(More)
Oncogenic Ras stimulates macropinocytosis, a clathrin-independent endocytosis that increases the uptake of extracellular fluid. However, the functional significance of and regulatory mechanisms driving macropinocytosis in cancer cells remain largely unknown. Here, we show that extracellular macromolecules, such as albumin, internalized by Ras-expressing(More)
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