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A portable, disc-based, and fully automated enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) system is developed to test infectious diseases from whole blood. The innovative laser irradiated ferrowax microvalves and centrifugal microfluidics were utilized for the full integration of microbead-based suspension ELISA assays on a disc starting from whole blood. The(More)
We report a practical world-to-chip microfluidic interfacing method with built-in valves suitable for microscale multichamber chip-based assays. One of the primary challenges associated with the successful commercialization of fully integrated microfluidic systems has been the lack of reliable world-to-chip microfluidic interconnections. After sample(More)
Here, we demonstrate that electroporation-enhanced immunization with a rationally designed HPV DNA vaccine (GX-188E), preferentially targeting HPV antigens to dendritic cells, elicits a significant E6/E7-specific IFN-γ-producing T-cell response in all nine cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3) patients. Importantly, eight out of nine patients exhibit(More)
Optimal detection of a pathogen present in biological samples depends on the ability to extract DNA molecules rapidly and efficiently. In this paper, we report a novel method for efficient DNA extraction and subsequent real-time detection in a single microchip by combining laser irradiation and magnetic beads. By using a 808 nm laser and carboxyl-terminated(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is widely used to amplify a small amount of DNA in samples for genetic analysis. Rapid and accurate amplification is prerequisite for broad applications including molecular diagnostics of diseases, food safety, and biological warfare tests. We have developed a rapid real-time micro-scale chip-based PCR system, which(More)
We report an insulator-based (or, electrodeless) dielectrophoresis utilizing microfabricated plastic membranes. The membranes with honeycomb-type pores have been fabricated by patterning the SU-8 layer on a substrate which was pretreated with self-assembled monolayer of octadecyltrichlorosilane for the easy release. The fabricated membrane was positioned(More)
The signal-responsive E3 ubiquitin ligase pellino 1 (PELI1) regulates TLR and T cell receptor (TCR) signaling and contributes to the maintenance of autoimmunity; however, little is known about the consequence of mutations that result in upregulation of PELI1. Here, we developed transgenic mice that constitutively express human PELI1 and determined that(More)
A compact, thermal-cycling device for high-throughput continuous-flow polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been developed, which consists of a flow-through capillary and a cylindrical heating-block assembly. A 3.5-m-long fused-silica capillary coils helically, with 33 turns, up around the 30-mm-diameter assembly of three equally divided thermostating copper(More)
This paper reports a novel detection method for DNA hybridization based on the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) with a DNA-binding intercalator as a reductant of Ru(bpy)(3)(3+). Some ECL-inducible intercalators have been screened in this study using electrochemical methods combined with a chemiluminescent technique. The double-stranded DNA(More)
The technique of simultaneous localization and mapping is the most important research topic in mobile robotics. In the process of building a map in its available memory, the robot memorizes environmental information on the plane of grid or topology. Several approaches about this technique have been presented so far, but most of them use mapping technique as(More)