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Search for traces: Aptamer-bound Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) were used to provide high-resolution dark-field microscopy images of latent fingerprints (LFPs) with level 2 and level 3 details. Furthermore, the cocaine-induced aggregation of Au NPs results in a true green-to-red color change of the scattered light, providing a quasi-quantative method to identify(More)
Effects of primary aberrations including spherical aberration, coma and astigmatism on the three fluorescence depletion patterns mainly used in stimulated emission of depletion (STED) microscopy are investigated by using vectorial integral. The three depletion patterns are created by inserting a vortex phase plate, a central half-wavelength plate or a(More)
We theoretically demonstrate that the spatial resolution of stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy can be substantially enhanced without increasing the intensity of the STED beam. In our scheme, tiny nanobeads codoped with donor and acceptor molecules are used as fluorescent probes, in which Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) can occur with(More)
The structure of the inhibition patterns is important to the stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy. Usually, Laguerre- Gaussian (LG) beam and the central zero-intensity patterns created by inserting phase masks in Gaussian beams are used as the erase beam in STED microscopy. Aberration is generated when focusing beams through an interface between(More)
We investigate the temporal information of nonlinear donor fluorescence in the FRET frustration microscopy. The arrival time of the donor fluorescence varies with the distribution of the excitation laser. The differences of the arrival times between different positions in the excitation spot can be further enhanced in the case of adding a depletion beam(More)
Plasmonic imaging under a dark-field microscope (DFM) holds great promise for single-particle analysis in bioimaging, nanophotonics, and nanocatalysis. Here, we designed a DNA-directed programmable assembly strategy to fabricate a halo-like Au nanostructure (nanohalo) that couples plasmonic large gold nanoparticles (L-AuNPs) with catalytically active small(More)
Dark-field microscopy (DFM) and spectroscopy base on localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) have been widely applied in biological sensing and single-molecule imaging. Using plasmonic nanoparticles with controlled geometrical, optical, and surface chemical properties as the probes, the scattering light depending on the surrounding environment can be(More)
Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) probes being used to improve the resolution of stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy are numerically discussed. Besides the FRET efficiency and the excitation intensity, the fluorescence lifetimes of donor and acceptor are found to be another key parameter for the resolution enhancement. Using samples of(More)
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