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Utilization of broad-spectrum resistance (R) genes is an effective and economical strategy to control the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae, the causal agent of the rice blast disease. Among the cloned blast resistance genes, Pi9, Pi2 and Piz-t confer broad-spectrum resistance to diverse M. oryzae isolates and were isolated from the Pi2/9 locus on(More)
Mung bean is an important legume crop in tropical and subtropical countries of Asia and has high nutritional and economic value. However the genetic diversity of mung bean is poorly characterized. In this study, our goal was to develop and use microsatellite simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for germplasm evaluation. In total, 500 novel expression(More)
The efficacy of an oral DNA vaccine carrying the Eimeria tenella 5401 antigen gene delivered by attenuated Salmonella typhimurium was examined in an experimental challenge study. The DNA vaccine preparation was made by transforming the recombinant plasmid pcDNA3-5401 into the attenuated S. typhimurium strain (Dam(-) and PhoP(-)) (designated hereafter as(More)
This study aims to explore the expression of GRP78, a marker of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, in the cortex of rat brains acutely exposed to methylmercury (MeHg). Thirty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into six groups, and decapitated 6 hours (h) after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of MeHg (2, 4, 6, 8 or 10 mg/kg body weight) or(More)
Infection with the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii causes serious public health problems and is of great economic importance worldwide. The T. gondii surface antigen protein SAG1 is a significant candidate vaccine against toxoplasmosis. In this study, we evaluated safety, stability of ZJ111/pcDNA3-SAG1, a DNA vaccine delivered in(More)
Toxoplasma gondii, capable of infecting all warm blooded animals, is one of the most successful parasites worldwide. It was reported that the single-gene vaccine with SAG1 or MIC3 could only produce partial protection against T. gondii and multiantigenic vaccines were more effective than single ones. In the present study, a multiantigenic DNA vaccine(More)
Phenolic acids have been identified in a variety of legumes including lima bean, broad bean, common bean, pea, jack bean, goa bean, adzuki bean, hyacinth bean, chicking vetch, garbanzo bean, dral, cow bean, rice bean, mung bean and soybean. The present study was carried out with the following aims: (1) to identify and quantify the individual phenolic acid(More)
Three-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens were subcutaneously immunized with Eimeria tenella recombinant 5401 antigen (100 microg per chicken) with (0.25, 0.5 or 1.0mg per dose) or without ginsenosides, and boosted with the same dosage 14 days later. The chickens were challenged with 6 x 10(4) homologous sporulated oocysts 14 day after the booster. The(More)
Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) is commonly grown in Asia as an important nutritional dry grain legume, as it can survive better in arid conditions than other crops. Abiotic stresses, such as drought and high-salt contents, negatively impact its growth and production. The dehydration-responsive element-binding protein 2 (DREB2) transcription factors play a(More)
The photoluminescence of nonfluorescent molecularly engineered quantum dots (QDs) with iron(III) dithiocarbamates was selectively switched on by nitric oxide. Such functional QDs consisted of CdSe-ZnS nanocrystals as fluorophores and surface bound tris(N-(dithiocarboxy)sarcosine)iron(III) as reactive centers for nitric oxide. The fluorescence of the QDs was(More)