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The efficacy of an oral DNA vaccine carrying the Eimeria tenella 5401 antigen gene delivered by attenuated Salmonella typhimurium was examined in an experimental challenge study. The DNA vaccine preparation was made by transforming the recombinant plasmid pcDNA3-5401 into the attenuated S. typhimurium strain (Dam(-) and PhoP(-)) (designated hereafter as(More)
A 70% ethanol extract from azuki beans (Vigna angularis) was extracted further with CH(2)Cl(2), EtOAc and n-BuOH to afford four fractions: CH(2)Cl(2)-soluble, EtOAc-soluble, n-BuOH-soluble and residual extract fractions. The EtOAc-soluble fractions showed the highest α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Two pure flavonoid compounds, vitexin and isovitexin,(More)
The indica rice cultivar Xiangzi 3150 (XZ3150) confers a high level of resistance to 95% of the isolates of Magnaporthe oryzae (the agent of rice blast disease) collected in Hunan Province, China. To identify the resistance (R) gene(s) controlling the high level of resistance in this cultivar, we developed 286 F(9) recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a(More)
Three-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens were subcutaneously immunized with Eimeria tenella recombinant 5401 antigen (100 microg per chicken) with (0.25, 0.5 or 1.0mg per dose) or without ginsenosides, and boosted with the same dosage 14 days later. The chickens were challenged with 6 x 10(4) homologous sporulated oocysts 14 day after the booster. The(More)
The photoluminescence of nonfluorescent molecularly engineered quantum dots (QDs) with iron(III) dithiocarbamates was selectively switched on by nitric oxide. Such functional QDs consisted of CdSe-ZnS nanocrystals as fluorophores and surface bound tris(N-(dithiocarboxy)sarcosine)iron(III) as reactive centers for nitric oxide. The fluorescence of the QDs was(More)
Here, we report the shell thickness-dependent Raman enhancement of silver-coated gold nanoparticles (Au@Ag NPs) for the identification and detection of pesticide residues at various fruit peels. The Raman enhancement of Au@Ag NPs to a large family of sulfur-containing pesticides is ~2 orders of magnitude stronger than those of bare Au and Ag NPs, and there(More)
Four types of water-soluble quantum dots (QDs) grafted with different organic coating layers were fabricated, and their sensitivities for hypochlorite/hypochlorous acid (HClO) were examined. It was found that QDs with HClO reactive (methylamino and sulphide groups) coating layers exhibited a protective effect on HClO quenching of QD fluorescence, whereas(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite and is able to infect birds and mammals including humans. In order to find effective antigen-adjuvant combinations that can boost the immunogenicity and protection of antigen vaccines against toxoplasmosis, we examined the protective efficacy in mice immunized with recombinant protein HSP70(More)
Infection with the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii causes serious public health problems and is of great economic importance worldwide. The T. gondii surface antigen protein SAG1 is a significant candidate vaccine against toxoplasmosis. In this study, we evaluated safety, stability of ZJ111/pcDNA3-SAG1, a DNA vaccine delivered in(More)
This study aims to explore the expression of GRP78, a marker of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, in the cortex of rat brains acutely exposed to methylmercury (MeHg). Thirty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into six groups, and decapitated 6 hours (h) after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of MeHg (2, 4, 6, 8 or 10 mg/kg body weight) or(More)