Suhayl Dhib-Jalbut

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Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation and demyelination in the central nervous system. The effect of the immunosuppressive molecule transforming growth factor-beta, (TGF-beta 1) on chronic relapsing EAE produced by the transfer of myelin basic protein-specific T cell lines was studied. TGF-beta(More)
ABSTRACT Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the CNS characterized by inflammation, demyelination, and axonal injury. These pathologic effects are manifested in clinical symptoms of relapse and disability. Various disease-modifying therapies have been developed in recent years to modulate the body's immune response. Among the most(More)
MS is an immunologically mediated disease, as determined by observation of the response to immunotherapy and the existence of an animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalitis. Interferon (IFN) beta-1b, IFN beta-1a, and glatiramer acetate, the therapies used for relapsing or remitting MS, have mechanisms of action that address the immunologic(More)
Bone marrow, or cells selected from bone marrow, were reported recently to give rise to cells with a neural phenotype after in vitro treatment with neural-inducing factors or after delivery into the brain. However, we showed previously that untreated bone marrow cells express products of the neural myelin basic protein gene, and we demonstrate here that a(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta2 is a pleiotropic cytokine associated with remissions in multiple sclerosis (MS) and amelioration of allergic encephalomyelitis. We assessed the safety of TGF-beta2 in an open-label trial of 11 patients with secondary progressive (SP) MS. Five patients had a reversible decline in the glomerular filtration rate. There(More)
Experimental and MRI evidence suggest that glatiramer acetate's (Copaxone) therapeutic effect in multiple sclerosis (MS) could be mediated by anti-inflammatory GA-reactive Th2 cells that enter the brain, cross-react with myelin antigens, and produce bystander suppression. Furthermore, a neuroprotective effect, possibly mediated by neurotrophic factors such(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, is neuroprotective in animal models of neurodegenerative diseases. However, BDNF has a short half-life and its efficacy in the central nervous system (CNS), when delivered peripherally, is limited due to the blood-brain barrier (BBB). We have developed a means of delivering BDNF(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical response to immunomodulatory therapies in multiple sclerosis (MS) is variable among patients. Currently, there are no validated biomarkers of clinical response to any of the approved treatments for MS. The objective of this study was to determine if HLA-class II alleles predict the clinical response to glatiramer acetate (GA). METHODS(More)
An increasing spectrum of diseases has been shown to be associated with the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I), most notably a chronic, progressive myelopathy termed HTLV-I--associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis and adult T-cell leukemia. HTLV-II is a close relative of HTLV-I and is structurally similar but molecularly distinct.(More)
We investigated serum (IL-10 and IL-12p70) and cellular cytokine levels (IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-12p70, IFN-gamma) in stimulated PBMC over 24 weeks in 15 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients randomized to receive once-weekly (qw) IFN-beta-1a 30 microg intramuscularly (IM) (n=8) or three-times-weekly (tiw) IFN-beta-1a 44 microg subcutaneously(More)