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A unique transient leukemia (TL) has been described in newborns with Down syndrome (DS; or trisomy 21 mosaics). This leukemia has a high incidence of spontaneous remission; however, early death and subsequent development of acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) have been reported. We prospectively evaluated 48 infants with DS and TL to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Development of quality-control criteria to ensure reproducibility of microarray results for potential clinical application is still in its infancy. METHODS In the present studies we developed quality-control criteria and evaluated their effect in microarray data analysis using total RNA from cell lines, frozen tumors, and a commercially(More)
Over 90% of prostate cancers express telomerase activity. In an experimental model, hsp90 and p23, which are necessary for telomerase assembly and function, dramatically increase during tumorigenic conversion. We immunohistochemically analyzed 60 prostate carcinomas, 50 prostatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PIN) and 25 benign prostatic tissues to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Adenocarcinoma of the fallopian tube is a rare tumor with a poor prognosis. Whether these carcinomas possess any genetic changes that contribute to their malignant behavior is unknown and to date few studies regarding the molecular pathogenesis of these tumors have been reported. In adenocarcinoma of the endometrium, mutations in the first exon(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to discover protein biomarkers that differentiate malignant from nonmalignant cell populations, especially early protein alterations that signal the initiation of a developing cancer. We hypothesized that Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption/Ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry-assisted protein profiling could(More)
High-density oligonucleotide microarray analysis has proven to be an excellent approach for gene expression profiling in human cancers. This technique assesses the expression of thousands of genes simultaneously, from at least 5 microg of total RNA per sample per experiment. This total RNA requirement poses a challenge when studying small, unique clinical(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique offers a promising alternative to tissue culture for the rapid and sensitive detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. However, high levels of background amplification detected in samples containing water but no DNA make interpretation of borderline positive samples extremely difficult and reduce the(More)
Dichloroacetic (DCA) and trichloroacetic (TCA) acids, two major by-products formed during chlorine disinfection of drinking water, increase the incidence of tumors in B6C3F1 mice by 6- and 3-fold respectively. In order to understand better the mechanism by which these two compounds induce liver tumors, the incidence and spectrum of mutations in the K- and(More)
Two hundred fifteen patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) participated in a prospective longitudinal study of HIV-related heart disease. Evaluation included signal-averaged electrocardiography and echocardiography. Fifteen patients underwent endomyocardial biopsy, 5 had cardiovascular symptoms and 10 did not. Cardiac myocytes or(More)