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BACKGROUND Beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE-1) is a single-membrane protein belongs to the aspartyl protease class of catabolic enzymes. This enzyme involved in the processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The cleavage of APP by BACE-1 is the rate-limiting step in the amyloid cascade leading to the production of two(More)
Chemical features based 3D pharmacophore models were developed for HSP90 based on the known inhibitors using Discovery Studio V2.1. An optimal pharmacophore model was brought forth and validated using a decoy set, external test set and Fischer's randomization method. The best five features pharmacophore model, Hypo1, includes two hydrogen bond acceptors,(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, a heme-containing enzyme, is emerging as a vital target for the treatment of cancer, chronic viral infections, and other diseases. The aim of this study is to identify novel scaffolds and utilize them in designing potent IDO inhibitors. Pharmacophore hypotheses were developed. The highly correlating (r = 0.958) hypothesis with(More)
Zinc-dependent histone deacetylase 8 removes the epsilon-acetyl groups present in the N-terminal lysine residues of histone proteins, thereby restricting various transcription factors from being expressed. Inhibition of this enzyme has been reported to be a novel strategy in cancer treatment. To identify novel and diverse leads for use in potent histone(More)
This study was performed to find the selective chemical features for Aurora kinase-B inhibitors using the potent methods like Hip-Hop, virtual screening, homology modeling, molecular dynamics and docking. The best hypothesis, Hypo1 was validated toward a wide range of test set containing the selective inhib-itors of Aurora kinase-B. Homology modeling and(More)
Over expression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) leads to the suppression of various gene expressions including cancer suppressor gene. Thus, novel inhibitors of these enzymes can be a valid method to treat cancers. To facilitate the discovery of novel HDAC8 inhibitors, pharmacophore models were generated using ligand and receptor based approaches and(More)
Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is one of the emerging targets in chemotherapy field and mainly associated with many diseases such as cancer and Parkinson's. Hence, quantitative hypothesis was developed using Discovery Studio v2.5. Top ten resultant hypotheses were generated, among them Hypo1 was selected as a best hypothesis based on the statistical parameters like high(More)
To date, no suitable vaccine or specific antiviral drug is available to treat Chikungunya viral (CHIKV) fever. Hence, it is essential to identify drug candidates that could potentially impede CHIKV infection. Here, we present the development of a homology model of nsP2 protein based on the crystal structure of the nsP2 protein of Venezuelan equine(More)
Silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) or sirtuins are NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases, which hydrolyze the acetyl-lysine residues. In mammals, sirtuins are classified into seven different classes (SIRT1-7). SIRT1 was reported to be involved in age related disorders like obesity, metabolic syndrome, type II diabetes mellitus and Parkinson's disease. Activation(More)
The identification of important chemical features of Heat Shock Protein 90 (HSP90) inhibitors will be helpful to discover the potent candidate to inhibit the HSP90 activity. The best hypothesis from Hip-Hop, Hypo1, one hydrogen bond donor (HBD), two hydrogen bond acceptors (HBA), and two hydrophobic (H) and structure-based hypothesis, SB_Hypo1, one HBA, one(More)