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This memo discusses a proposed extension to the Internet architecture and protocols to provide integrated services, i.e., to support realtime as well as the current non-real-time service of IP. This extension is necessary to meet the growing need for real-time service for a variety of new applications, including teleconferencing, remote seminars,(More)
While the advantages of multicast delivery over multiple unicast deliveries is undeniable, the deployment of the IP multicast protocol has been limited to “islands” of network domains under single administrative control. Deployment of inter-domain multicast delivery has been slow due to both technical and administrative reasons. In this paper we propose a(More)
There is an increasing need to quickly and efficiently learn network distances, in terms of metrics such as latency or bandwidth, between Internet hosts. For example, Internet content providers often place data and server mirrors throughout the Internet to improve access latency for clients, and it is necessary to direct clients to the nearest mirrors based(More)
In a recent paper, Faloutsos et al. [1] found that the inter Autonomous System (AS) topology exhibits a power-law vertex degree distribution. This result was quite unexpected in the networking community and stirred significant interest in exploring the possible causes of this phenomenon. The work of Barabasi and Albert [2] and its application to network(More)
Internet Service Providers and infrastructural companies often employ mirrors of popular content to decrease client download time and server load. Due to the immense scale of the Internet and decentralized administration of the networks, companies have a limited number of sites (relative to the size of the Internet) where they can place mirrors. Mirrors of(More)
In this report we present version 3.0 of Inet, an Autonomous System (AS) level Internet topology generator. Our understanding of the Internet topology is quickly evolving, and thus, our understanding of how synthetic topologies should be generated is changing too. We document our analysis of Inet2.2, which highlighted two shortcomings in its topologies.(More)
Following the long-held belief that the Internet is hierarchical, the network topology generators most widely used by the Internet research community, Transit-Stub and Tiers, create networks with a deliberately hierarchical structure. However, in 1999 a seminal paper by Faloutsos et al. revealed that the Internet's degree distribution is a power-law.(More)
Many designs for integrated service networks offer a bounded delay packet delivery service to support real-time applications. To provide bounded delay service, networks must use admission control to regulate their load. Previous work on admission control mainly focused on algorithms that compute the worst case theoretical queueing delay to guarantee an(More)
Network research often involves the evaluation of new application designs, system architectures, and protocol implementations. Due to the immense scale of the Internet, deploying an Internet-wide system for the purpose of experimental study is nearly impossible. Instead, researchers evaluate their designs using generated random network topologies. In this(More)
For the past two years,there has been a significant increase in research activities related to studying and modeling the Internet's topology, especially at the level of <i>autonomous systems</i> (ASs). A closer look at the measurements that form the basis for all these studies reveals that the data sets used consist of the BGP routing tables collected by(More)