Learn More
Negative and Positive Bias Temperature Instabilities (NBTI (in PFET) and PBTI (in NFET)) weaken MOSFETs with time. The impact of such device degradation can be severe in Static Random Access Memories (SRAMs) wherein stability is governed by relative strengths of FETs. Degradation in stability with time under ‘worst case condition’ gets more important(More)
Gate-First Processing M. Chudzik, B. Doris, R. Mo, J. Sleight, E. Cartier, C. Dewan, D. Park, H. Bu, W. Natzle, W. Yan, C. Ouyang, K. Henson, D. Boyd, S. Callegari, R. Carter, D. Casarotto, M. Gribelyuk, M. Hargrove, W. He, Y. Kim, B. Linder, N. Moumen, V.K. Paruchuri, J. Stathis, M. Steen, A. Vayshenker, X. Wang, S. Zafar, T. Ando, R. Iijima, M.(More)
Ligand binding to transport sites constitutes the initial step in the catalytic cycle of transport ATPases. Here, we consider the well characterized Ca2+ ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SERCA) and describe a series of Ca2+ binding isotherms obtained by equilibrium measurements in the presence of various H+ and Mg2+ concentrations. We subject the isotherms(More)
Silicon nanowire field effect transistor sensors with SiO(2)/HfO(2) as the gate dielectric sensing surface are fabricated using a top down approach. These sensors are optimized for pH sensing with two key characteristics. First, the pH sensitivity is shown to be independent of buffer concentration. Second, the observed pH sensitivity is enhanced and is(More)
Interactions between the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and GABAA receptor ion channels play an important role in the central nervous system. A statistical mechanics model is proposed for the interaction between GABA and GABAA receptors. The model provides good fits to the electrophysiology data as well as an estimation of receptor(More)
Hybridization of surface-immobilized oligonucleotides to their complementary counterparts is central to the rational design of novel nanodevices and DNA sensors. In this study, we have adopted a unified approach of combining sensing experiments with molecular dynamics simulations to characterize the hybridization of a 23 nucleotide long single-strand probe(More)
Electron spin resonance measurements of thermal equilibrium spin density as a function of temperature are reported for a series of undoped hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) specimens. The room-temperature spin density of the specimens varied between 3 x 10 is and 2 x 101~cm -s . Above 200°C the spin density was activated; the average activation energy(More)
O A bipolar junction transistor (BJT) based sensor is investigated for its sensing characteristics such as sensitivity and signal to noise ratio (SNR). The sensor consists of a bipolar transistor with its base connected to a sensing surface in contact with the solution. Measurements are performed using pH buffer solutions and the sensor sensitivity and(More)
Field effect transistors (FET) have been widely used as transducers in electrochemical sensors for over 40 years. In this report, a FET transducer is compared with the recently proposed bipolar junction transistor (BJT) transducer. Measurements are performed on two chloride electrochemical sensors that are identical in all details except for the transducer(More)