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An experiment was conducted to investigate the bioavailability of organic manganese proteinate (Mn) relative to inorganic Mn sulfate for broilers fed a conventional corn–soybean meal basal diet. A total of 448-day-old Arbor Acres commercial male chicks were fed the Mn-unsupplemented basal diet (control) or basal diet supplemented with 60, 120, or 180 mg(More)
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the kinetics of manganese (Mn) transport in Caco-2 cell monolayers and the gene expressions of Mn transport carriers in apical (AP) and basolateral (BL) membranes. In experiment 1, the cells were treated with the medium containing 146 μmol/L of Mn (MnSO4·H2O). Both the uptake and transport of Mn from AP–BL or(More)
An experiment is conducted to investigate the effects of selenium (Se) source and level on growth performance, tissue Se concentrations, antioxidation, and immune functions of heat-stressed broilers from 22 to 42 days of age. A total of 210 22-day-old Arbor Acres commercial male chicks were assigned by body weight to one of seven treatments with six(More)
We sought to induce primate immunodeficiency virus-specific cellular and neutralizing antibody (nAb) responses in rhesus macaques (RM) through a bimodal vaccine approach. RM were immunized intragastrically (i.g.) with the live-attenuated Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) vector Lmdd-BdopSIVgag encoding SIVmac239 gag. SIV Gag-specific cellular responses were(More)
To investigate the possible mechanism(s) by which dietary manganese (Mn) levels and sources modulate the expression of the manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene at both the transcriptional and translational levels, we used 432 8-d-old male broiler chicks in a 1 plus 4 × 2 design. Chickens were given either a diet without Mn supplementation(More)
A dose–response experiment was conducted to find the sensitive and consistent biomarker for the estimation of dietary manganese (Mn) requirement and establish the optimal Mn level for broilers fed a practical corn–soybean meal diet from 1 to 21 days of age post-hatching. A total of 480 1-day-old Arbor Acres male chicks were randomly allotted to one of eight(More)
Previous studies showed that dietary manganese can increase the MnSOD mRNA expression in a dose-dependent manner in the heart of broilers. In order to explore the specific mechanism of the MnSOD expression induced by manganese, a model of MnSOD expression was developed with primary cultured broiler myocardial cells. The objective of the present study was to(More)
An experiment was conducted to investigate the bioavailability of organic copper (Cu) proteinate relative to inorganic Cu sulfate for broiler chicks fed a conventional corn–soybean meal basal diet. A total of 320 day-old Arbor Acres commercial male chicks were assigned to one of five treatments in a completely randomized design involving a 2 × 2 factorial(More)
Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is known to induce strong cellular immune responses. We constructed a live-attenuated Lm vector, Lmdd-BdopSIVgag, which encodes SIVmac239 gag. Intragastric (i.g.) administration of 3 × 10(12) bacteria to rhesus macaques was safe and induced anti-Gag cellular but no humoral immune responses. Boosting of Gag-specific cellular(More)