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Cigarette smoking has been shown to affect human immune responses. We have studied Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) expression, which is involved in the cytotoxic activity, immune privilege, and self-tolerance, and other apoptosis-associated molecule expression of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in healthy subjects with/without cigarette smoking. We found that(More)
Excessive T helper type 1 (Th1) cell activity has been reported in Behçet's disease (BD). Recently, association of Th17 cells with certain autoimmune diseases was reported, and we thus investigated circulating Th17 cells in BD. CD4(+) CD45RO(-) (naive) T cells were cultured with Th0-, Th1-, Th2- and Th17-related cytokines and antibodies, and their mRNA was(More)
BD is prevalent in the area of the Silk Route. It has been shown that hsp are involved in the T cell activation in patients with BD in the UK, where this disease has developed sporadically. We have thus examined whether the T cell response to the hsp-derived peptides may be induced in patients with BD in Japan, an east pole of the Silk Route. As with(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the in vivo mechanisms of suppression of T lymphocyte function in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) undergoing long-term treatment with tacrolimus (FK-506). METHODS Intracellular proteins were analyzed by immunoprecipitation and Western blotting. Messenger RNA expression was studied by a polymerase chain reaction-based technique. (More)
OBJECTIVES Behçet's disease (BD) is a multi-systemic inflammatory disease, characterised by recurrent oral aphthosis, genital ulcers, skin lesions and uveitis. We have reported excessive Th1 cell activity in patients with BD. More recently, Th17 cells were suggested to associate with several autoimmune diseases. This study was designed to investigate the(More)
Apoptosis plays a critical role in the development and homeostasis of tissues, especially those with high cell turnover such as the lymphoid system. We have examined the effects of thyroid hormones, TSH and TRH, on apoptosis of human T lymphocytes. We found that T lymphocytes cultured with T3 and T4, but not TSH nor TRH, in vitro showed enhanced apoptosis,(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate a possible role of cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial cell function, we have studied CREB expression of synovial cells and the effects of an inhibitor of the cAMP/CREB signal pathway on synovial cell function in patients with RA. METHODS We examined CREB expression by(More)
Synovial cell hyperplasia is a characteristic of patients with RA. Excessive proliferation of RA synovial cells is, in part, responsible for the synovial cell hyperplasia. In addition, synovial cell death that would reduce synovial cell number may be defective, leading to the hyperplasia. Thus, the defective control of cell death as well as cell(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of joints, and excessive proliferation of and proinflammatory cytokine and collagenase production by synovial cells are a principal cause of joint destruction. Recent studies have revealed that c-jun and jun B promote growth of fibroblasts, whereas jun D suppresses fibroblast(More)
This work examines the functional properties and TCRbeta gene utilization of 15 autoreactive T cell clones derived from five patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. All these clones proliferated and secreted cytokine when stimulated in vitro by autologous (but not allogenic) B cells. Individual T cell clones used diverse TCRbeta genes and did not show(More)