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Endotoxin (LPS), one of the major proinflammatory constituents of the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria, induces alveolar macrophages to express interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) messenger RNA (mRNA), peaking at 1 hour in vitro. Intratracheal injection of LPS induces IL-1 and TNF mRNA expression in vivo in whole-lung RNA preparations.(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the erythropoietic effects of recombinant interleukin 6 (IL-6) and recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) on the marrow and peripheral blood in vivo. IL-6 administered to rats as a single i.v. injection induces a selective erythroid hyperplasia of the marrow's late normoblasts at 12 and 24 h with a return to(More)
Endotoxin (LPS) at sublethal doses injected i.v. into rats was found to induce IL-6 mRNA expression peaking at 1 to 2 h in whole organ RNA preparations of the spleen, liver, lung, bowel, and kidney. IL-6 serum protein levels also peaked at 2 h. TNF and IL-1, generally considered to be among the most rapidly released cytokines, also induced IL-6 expression.(More)
Endotoxin, a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) component of gram-negative bacteria, induces alveolar macrophages to express interleukin-1 (IL-1). Lipopolysaccharide and IL-1 both cause severe acute neutrophilic inflammation in the lung after intratracheal injection, suggesting that LPS-induced IL-1 expression contributes to the pathogenesis of LPS-induced acute(More)
Recombinant murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was noted to support rat bone marrow colony formation in vitro. The in vivo hematologic effects of a single intravenous injection of murine GM-CSF were therefore investigated. Doses of murine GM-CSF between 0.1 and 5 micrograms/rat caused an increasing leukocytosis that did not(More)
Recombinant rat stem cell factor (rrSCF) and recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) coinjected for 1 week in rats cause a synergistic increase in mature marrow neutrophils accompanied by a striking decrease in erythroid and lymphoid marrow elements. The spleens of the same rats show increased granulopoiesis as well as increased(More)
With an in vitro system that used a luminescent strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae to assess bacterial metabolic activity in near-real-time, we investigated the dynamics of complement-mediated attack in healthy individuals and in patients presenting to the emergency department with community-acquired severe sepsis. A novel mathematical/statistical model was(More)
Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a locally destructive tumor that occurs predominantly in long bones of post-pubertal adolescents and young adults, where it occurs in the epiphysis. The majority are treated by aggressive curettage or resection. Vascular invasion outside the boundary of the tumor can be seen. Metastasis, with identical morphology to the(More)
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (recombinant human M-CSF) given as a single intravenous injection to Lewis rats induces a dose-dependent peripheral monocytosis, neutrophilia, and lymphopenia. The monocytosis peaks at 28 to 32 hours with a seven- to eightfold increase in the number of circulating monocytes and promonocytes. The peripheral monocytosis is(More)
Multi-colony stimulating factor (Multi-CSF, interleukin-3, IL-3) and granulocyte-CSF (G-CSF) administered concurrently as an intravenous (IV) injection induce a peripheral neutrophilia that is approximately additive in comparison with the neutrophilia induced by IL-3 and G-CSF individually. The bone marrow (BM) at 12 hours is depleted of mature neutrophils(More)