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CONTEXT Wound botulism (WB) is a potentially lethal, descending, flaccid, paralysis that results when spores of Clostridium botulinum germinate in a wound and elaborate neurotoxin. Since 1988, California has experienced a dramatic increase in WB associated with injecting "black tar" heroin (BTH), a dark, tarry form of the drug. OBJECTIVE To identify risk(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the production of dry fermented salami associated with an outbreak of Escherichia coli O157.H7 infection in Washington State and California. METHODS Facility inspections, review of plant monitoring data, food handler interviews, and microbiological testing of salami products were conducted. RESULTS Production methods(More)
California has reported most of the world's wound botulism (WB) cases and nearly three-fourths of the cases reported in the United States. We reviewed the clinical, epidemiologic, and laboratory features of WB. From the first case in 1951, through 1998, a total of 127 cases were identified-93 in the last 5 years. The dramatic increase has been due to an(More)
An outbreak of Salmonella serotype Thompson in California was identified through laboratory-based surveillance and investigated with case-control, traceback, and laboratory studies. There were 35 "sporadic" cases and a restaurant-associated outbreak of 41 cases with onset between 6 March and 31 March 1999. Three case patients were hospitalized. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a coccidioidomycosis outbreak in Ventura County following the January 1994 earthquake, centered in Northridge, Calif, and to identify factors that increased the risk for acquiring acute coccidioidomycosis infection. DESIGN Epidemic investigation, population-based skin test survey, and case-control study. SETTING Ventura County,(More)
BACKGROUND In California, from 1996 through 1998, more than 50% of multicounty outbreaks with confirmed food vehicles were related to alfalfa or clover sprouts. OBJECTIVE To summarize investigations of sprout-associated outbreaks. DESIGN Matched case-control studies. SETTING California. PATIENTS Outbreak-associated patients and matched population(More)
Between April and July 1994, 501 cases of Salmonella enteritidis infection were reported in Los Angeles County, California, nearly 5 times the number reported between April and July 1993; of these, 422 (84%) were sporadic (not related to known outbreaks). A case-control study was done to determine risk factors for sporadic illness; the distribution of S(More)
This paper describes the epidemiology of childhood hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in California, for which hospitalization data were used, and the proportion of cases reported to public health authorities. HUS discharge data for children < or =17 years of age were extracted from the population-based California Patient Discharge Data Set for 1994-1999 and(More)
Surveillance for coccidioidomycosis (CM) and a case-control study for risk factors among adults were conducted in Kern County, California. From January 1995 through December 1996, 905 cases of CM were identified, for an annual incidence of 86 cases per 100,000 population. A total of 380 adults were enrolled in the case-control study: 77 had severe pulmonary(More)
From 25 August to 28 September 1994, 7 cardiovascular surgery (CVS) patients at a California hospital acquired postoperative Serratia marcescens infections, and 1 died. To identify the outbreak source, a cohort study was done of all 55 adults who underwent CVS at the hospital during the outbreak. Specimens from the hospital environment and from hands of(More)