Sue Penckofer

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BACKGROUND The effects of uncertainty and social support on the psychological well-being of high-risk pregnant women may be influenced by their prenatal coping strategies. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether prenatal coping strategies (preparation for motherhood, avoidance, positive interpretation of events, and prayer) mediate(More)
Oxidative stress occurs when there is an imbalance between free radical production and antioxidant capacity. This may be due to increased free radical formation in the body and/or loss of normal antioxidant defenses. Oxidative stress has been associated with the development of cardiovascular disease. The role of antioxidants in the primary and secondary(More)
Spinal surgery is one of the most frequently performed surgeries in the United States. In 2003, almost 450,000 cases were performed for problems related to lumbar herniated disks, stenosis, and degenerative changes. It has been reported that patient expectations play a role in perceived quality of life (QOL). Because surgery is frequently a last resort for(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between fatigue and physiological, psychological, and lifestyle phenomena in women with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in order to establish the magnitude and correlates of fatigue in women with T2DM and explore the interrelationships between fatigue and specific diabetes-related factors that may be(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery on the quality of life of women. Wilson and Cleary's conceptual model of health-related quality of life, which examines five major outcomes (biological variables, symptom status, functional status, general health perceptions, perceived quality of life), was(More)
The prevalence of adolescent overweight is significant, almost 25% in some minorities, and often is associated with depressive symptoms. Psychological and psychosocial factors as well as poor coping skills have been correlated with unhealthy eating and obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among self-esteem, stress, social support,(More)
Depression in its own right is a disabling condition impairing all aspects of human function. In persons with a chronic medical disease, depression often makes the management of chronic illness more difficult. Recently, vitamin D has been reported in the scientific and lay press as an important factor that may have significant health benefits in the(More)
Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. Persons with diabetes are at greater risk for early cardiac mortality, and for repeat events if they survive their first cardiac event. Recently, low serum concentrations of vitamin D have been associated with increased risk for cardiac events. Evidence indicates that persons with diabetes have lower(More)
BACKGROUND Clinically significant depression is present in 25 % of individuals with type 2 diabetes, its risk being doubled in women. PURPOSE To examine the effectiveness of the Study of Women's Emotions and Evaluation of a Psychoeducational (SWEEP), a group therapy for depression treatment based on cognitive behavioral therapy principles that was(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to understand the feelings of depression, anxiety, and anger experienced by women with type 2 diabetes and the impact these feelings have on their overall quality of life. METHODS Four focus groups (2 white, 2 African American) were conducted by ethnically matched professional moderators. Sessions were audiotaped, and(More)