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Studies of nematode establishment in intestinal niches has been hindered by the lack of a readily manipulated in vitro assay. In this report, experiments are described wherein the larval stage of the parasitic nematode Trichinella spiralis was shown to invade epithelial cell monolayers in vitro. Larvae penetrated cells and migrated through them, leaving(More)
The canine disease, X-linked progressive retinal atrophy (XLPRA), is similar to human RP3, an X-linked form of retinitis pigmentosa, and maps to the same region in the X chromosome. Analysis of the physical map of the XLPRA and RP3 intervals shows a high degree of conservation in terms of genes and their order. We have found different mutations in exon(More)
PURPOSE The objective of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) delivered through encapsulated cells directly into the vitreous of the eye in an rcd1 canine model of retinitis pigmentosa. The dose-range effect of the treatment was also investigated. METHODS Polymer membrane capsules (1.0 cm in(More)
Canine distemper virus (CDV) causes an encephalomyelitis in dogs which varies with the viral strain. The CDV Cornell A75-17 strain produces a delayed, subacute to chronic, demyelinating CNS disease. In contrast, the Snyder Hill (CDV-SH) strain-associated neurological disease is more acute in onset, is usually non-demyelinating and primarily produces lesions(More)
Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) produces an encephalitis in dogs that varies with viral strain. We have studied the cell tropisms of two virulent strains (CDV-SH and CDV A75-17) and an attenuated strain, Rockborn (CDV-RO), in cultured canine brain cells. Infected cell types were identified by double immunofluorescent labeling of specific cell markers and viral(More)
Canine progressive rod-cone degeneration (prcd) is a retinal disease previously mapped to a broad, gene-rich centromeric region of canine chromosome 9. As allelic disorders are present in multiple breeds, we used linkage disequilibrium (LD) to narrow the approximately 6.4-Mb interval candidate region. Multiple dog breeds, each representing genetically(More)
Optimal conditions for the isolation and growth of virulent canine distemper virus (CDV) in canine thymic and peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures were determined. Peak virus titers were seen from 3 to 6 days postinoculation of lymphocytes and depended on the multiplicity of infection. Dog lymphocytes were at least as susceptible as canine macrophages to(More)
PURPOSE Canine cone-rod dystrophy 1 (cord1) has been previously mapped to CFA15, and a homozygous 44-bp insertion in exon 2 (Ins44) of canine RPGRIP1 (cRPGRIP1(Ins/Ins)) has been associated with the disease. However, from the recent identification of a significant discordance in genotype-phenotype association, we have reexamined the role of cRPGRIP1 in(More)
PURPOSE AP-1 has been proposed as a key intermediate linking exposure to light and photoreceptor cell death in rodent light-damage models. Inhibition of AP-1 associated with steroid administration also prevents light damage. In this study the role of steroids in inhibiting AP-1 activation and/or in preventing photoreceptor degeneration was examined in the(More)
METHODS. Canine Tyc cDNA was cloned and sequenced. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to define the Tyc gene structure, northern blot analysis to examine the level of expression of Tyc mRNA in control and cd-affected retinas, and immunocytochemistry to determine the presence and localization of Tyc in normal and cd retinas. RESULTS. Immunocytochemical(More)
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