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Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a neuropsychiatric disease associated with extrapyramidal features which differ from those of Parkinson's disease, including reduced effectiveness of L-dopa and severe sensitivity reactions to neuroleptic drugs. Distinguishing Alzheimer's disease from DLB is clinically relevant in terms of prognosis and appropriate(More)
The effects of cytotoxic lesions in either the anterior cingulate cortex or the retrosplenial cortex were compared with those of fornix lesions on three tests of spatial memory. Two of the tasks, delayed nonmatching-to-position and spatial reversal learning, were tested in an automated apparatus. The third task, forced alternation, was tested in a T-maze.(More)
The human striatum, which receives dopaminergic innervation from the substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area (cell groups A8, A9 and A10), has structural and functional subdivisions both rostrocaudally and dorsoventrally. These relate to motor and non-motor origins of cortical projections and the specific areas of the substantia nigra and ventral(More)
Neuronal nicotinic receptors have been implicated in schizophrenia on the basis of the high incidence of tobacco smoking in patients, abnormalities in cytisine and alpha-bungarotoxin (alphaBGT) binding in the hippocampus, and linkage between auditory P50 deficits and the region of chromosome 15 coding the alpha7 subunit. In another disease associated with(More)
The relationship between a dopamine D2 receptor genetic polymorphism at the Taq1 A locus and the level of D2 receptor binding was investigated in normal, middle aged to elderly subjects with no psychiatric or neurological disorders. D2 receptor binding was measured by autoradiography in the caudate, putamen and nucleus accumbens, using the specific D2(More)
Striatal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with high affinity for nicotinic agonists are involved with the release of a number of neurotransmitters, including dopamine. Previous findings as to whether these receptors are changed in Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease are inconsistent and no previous investigations have focused on these receptors in(More)
Candida dubliniensis is a recently identified chlamydospore-positive yeast species associated with oral candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected (HIV+) patients and is closely related to Candida albicans. Several recent reports have described atypical oral Candida isolates with phenotypic and genetic properties similar to those of C.(More)
High-affinity nicotine, alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha BT) and muscarinic receptor binding was measured in the human hippocampal formation in a series of 57 cases aged between 24 weeks gestation and 100 years. Changes in nicotine receptor binding during development and aging were more striking than differences in alpha BT and muscarinic binding. Nicotine binding(More)
The thalamus plays a major role in relaying and transforming information that is relayed to the cortex and in turn modulates cortical outputs. The reticular nucleus projects to the other thalamic nuclei, modulating and integrating their activity. The distribution of high affinity nicotine and alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha BTX) receptors in the human thalamus(More)
Groups of rats were trained on one of two variants of an operant memory task which allows strength of memory (accuracy), bias and response rates to be measured directly. In matching to position (MTP), one of two retractable response levers appeared at random as the sample. A response caused the lever to retract and this was followed by a delay (0-64 s)(More)