Sue Lin-Chao

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Much of the information available about factors that affect mRNA decay in Escherichia coli, and by inference in other bacteria, has been gleaned from study of less than 25 of the approximately 4,300 predicted E. coli messages. To investigate these factors more broadly, we examined the half-lives and steady-state abundance of known and predicted E. coli(More)
RNase E, an essential endoribonuclease of Escherichia coli, interacts through its C-terminal region with multiple other proteins to form a complex termed the RNA degradosome. To investigate the degradosome's proposed role as an RNA decay machine, we used DNA microarrays to globally assess alterations in the steady-state abundance and decay of 4,289 E. coli(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a motor neuron degeneration disorder, is caused by either mutations or deletions of survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene which result in insufficient SMN protein. Here, we describe a potential link between stathmin and microtubule defects in SMA. Stathmin was identified by screening Smn-knockdown NSC34 cells through proteomics(More)
The enzyme RNase E (ref. 1) cuts RNA at specific sites within single-stranded segments. The role of adjacent regions of secondary structure in such cleavages is controversial. Here we report that 10-13-nucleotide oligomers lacking any stem-loop but containing the RNase E-cleaved sequence of RNA I, the antisense repressor of replication of ColE1-type(More)
The Escherichia coli endoribonuclease RNase E is essential for RNA processing and degradation. Earlier work provided evidence that RNase E exists intracellularly as part of a multicomponent complex and that one of the components of this complex is a 3'-to-5' exoribonuclease, polynucleotide phosphorylase (EC To isolate and identify other components(More)
We show that the rate of degradation of RNAI, an anti-sense repressor of the replication primer RNAII, is a key element of control in the replication of ColE1-type plasmids in vivo. Cleavage of RNAI by RNAase E, a ribosomal RNA-processing enzyme encoded or controlled by the rne (also known as ams) locus, relieves repression by endonucleolytically converting(More)
The plasmids pUC18 and pUC19 are pBR322 derivatives that replicate at a copy number several fold higher than the parent during growth of Escherichia coli at 37 degrees C. We show here that the high copy number of pUC plasmids results from a single point mutation in the replication primer, RNA II, and that the phenotypic effects of this mutation can be(More)
Ribonuclease E has a central role in Escherichia coli mRNA decay and is dependent on a functional product of the rne (also called ams or hmp1) gene. We investigated the requirements for RNase E cleavage by introducing random mutations into the decanucleotide region at the 5' end of pACYC184 RNA I and studying the effects of these mutations on the position(More)
  • F Xu, S Lin-Chao, S N Cohen
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1993
Previous work has shown that RNase E-mediated cleavage of RNAI, an antisense repressor of the replication of ColE1-type plasmids, relieves repression in vivo by endonucleolytically converting RNAI to a rapidly decaying product. We report that mutations in the Escherichia coli pcnB gene result in a 10-fold prolongation of the half-life of RNAI decay(More)
The concentration of plasmid pBR322, of its replication inhibitor, RNAI, and preprimer, RNAII, were observed in E. coli as functions of the bacterial growth rate. At growth rates between 0.6 and 2.5 doubling/h, the copy number (number of plasmids per genome equivalent of chromosomal DNA) decreased from 32 to 15, the number of plasmids per cell increased(More)