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OBJECTIVE To compare hemispherectomy patients with different pathologic substrates for hospital course, seizure, developmental, language, and motor outcomes. METHODS The authors compared hemispherectomy patients (n = 115) with hemimegalencephaly (HME; n = 16), hemispheric cortical dysplasia (hemi CD; n = 39), Rasmussen encephalitis (RE; n = 21),(More)
Children undergoing surgery with infant-onset epilepsy were classified into those with medically refractory infantile spasms (IS), successfully treated IS, and no IS history, and the groups were compared for pre- and postsurgery clinical and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (VABS) developmental quotients (DQ). Children without an IS history were older at(More)
OBJECT Cerebral hemispherectomy for intractable seizures has evolved over the past 50 years, and current operations focus less on brain resection and more on disconnection. In addition, cases involving cortical dysplasia and Rasmussen encephalitis are being identified and surgically treated in younger individuals. Few studies have been conducted to compare(More)
OBJECTIVE Epilepsy neurosurgery is a treatment option for children with refractory epilepsy. Our aim was to determine if outcomes improved over time. METHODS Pediatric epilepsy surgery patients operated in the first 11 years (1986-1997; pre-1997) were compared with the second 11 years (1998-2008; post-1997) for differences in presurgical and postsurgical(More)
The authors assessed whether magnetoencephalography/magnetic source imaging (MEG/MSI) identified epileptogenic zones in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). In six TSC children with focal seizures, ictal video-EEG predicted the region of resection with 56% sensitivity, 80% specificity, and 77% accuracy (p = 0.02), whereas interictal MEG/MSI fared(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine formal thought disorder and discourse (cohesive) devices that make speech coherent prospectively in seven children, aged 5.7 to 16.7 years, before and after temporal lobectomy for intractable cut points determined from sensitivity and specificity analyses of formal thought disorder and discourse measures in 22 children with complex(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can predict epileptogenic tubers by measuring apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), fractional anisotropy, axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity in both tubers and perituberal tissue in pediatric patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) undergoing epilepsy surgery. METHODS We(More)
Though posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a prominent sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI), other nonepileptic phenomena also warrant consideration. Within two UCLA pediatric TBI cohorts, we categorized five spell types: 1) PTE; 2) Epilepsy with other potential etiologies (cortical dysplasia, primary generalized); 3) Psychopathology; 4) Behavior(More)
Traumatic brain injury is a major public health problem in the pediatric population. Previously, management was acute emergency department/primary care evaluation with follow-up by primary care. However, persistent symptoms after traumatic brain injury are common, and many do not have access to a specialized traumatic brain injury clinic to manage chronic(More)
The authors describe three children (mean age = 7.8 years) with complex partial epilepsy, left temporal lobe involvement, and interictal schizophrenia-like psychosis. As described in adults with complex partial epilepsy, these children met DSM-III criteria for schizophrenia, their affect was intact, and they demonstrated no negative signs of schizophrenia.(More)
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