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The neural cell recognition molecule L1 is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily implicated in embryonic brain development. L1 is engaged in complex extracellular interactions, with multiple binding partners on cell surfaces and in the extracellular matrix. It is the founder of a neural group of related cell surface receptors that share with L1 a(More)
The diploid frog X. tropicalis has recently been adopted as a model genetic system, but loss-of-function screens in Xenopus have not yet been performed. We have undertaken a pilot functional knockdown screen in X. tropicalis for genes involved in nervous system development by injecting antisense morpholino (MO) oligos directed against X. tropicalis mRNAs.(More)
Mutations in the L1 gene induce a spectrum of human neurological disorders due to abnormal development of several brain structures and fiber tracts. Among its binding partners, L1 immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule (Ig CAM) associates with neuropilin-1 (NP-1) to form a semaphorin3A (Sema3A) receptor and soluble L1 converts Sema3A-induced axonal(More)
The L1 cell adhesion molecule has six domains homologous to members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and five homologous to fibronectin type III domains. We determined the outline structure of the L1 domains by showing that they have, at the key sites that determine conformation, residues similar to those in proteins of known structure. The outline(More)
Familial incontinentia pigmenti (IP; MIM 308310) is a genodermatosis that segregates as an X-linked dominant disorder and is usually lethal prenatally in males. In affected females it causes highly variable abnormalities of the skin, hair, nails, teeth, eyes and central nervous system. The prominent skin signs occur in four classic cutaneous stages:(More)
Recently, studies in the usually disparate fields of human genetics and developmental neurobiology have converged to reveal that some types of human mental retardation and brain malformations are due to mutations that affect the neural cell adhesion molecule L1. L1 has a very complex biology, interacting with a variety of ligands, and functioning in(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule L1 is a cell surface glycoprotein required for the correct development of the nervous system. L1 exists as two isoforms encoded by mRNA species that either collectively incorporate or exclude exons 2 and 27. Neurons utilize only the full-length isoform, whereas Schwann cells, kidney cells, and blood lymphocytes only express the(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule NrCAM exists in a variety of isoforms as a result of alternative splicing of individual exons during RNA processing. In this report we demonstrate that many of the alternative splicing events described for chick are conserved in man and describe a novel variant of NrCAM cDNA. Furthermore, we show that NrCAM is expressed at(More)
L1CAM is a neural cell adhesion molecule expressed mainly on neurones' cell surface and plays an important role in the developing fetal brain. Recently, we have shown that mutations in the gene encoding L1CAM are responsible for three related neurological disorders including the most common form of inherited hydrocephalus. During our genetic analysis, we(More)
L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) gene mutations are associated with X-linked 'recessive' neurological syndromes characterized by spasticity of the legs. L1CAM knock-out mice show hypoplasia of the corticospinal tract and failure of corticospinal axonal decussation and projection beyond the cervical spinal cord. The aim of this study was to determine if(More)