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The neural cell recognition molecule L1 is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily implicated in embryonic brain development. L1 is engaged in complex extracellular interactions, with multiple binding partners on cell surfaces and in the extracellular matrix. It is the founder of a neural group of related cell surface receptors that share with L1 a(More)
The diploid frog X. tropicalis has recently been adopted as a model genetic system, but loss-of-function screens in Xenopus have not yet been performed. We have undertaken a pilot functional knockdown screen in X. tropicalis for genes involved in nervous system development by injecting antisense morpholino (MO) oligos directed against X. tropicalis mRNAs.(More)
Mutations in the L1 gene induce a spectrum of human neurological disorders due to abnormal development of several brain structures and fiber tracts. Among its binding partners, L1 immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule (Ig CAM) associates with neuropilin-1 (NP-1) to form a semaphorin3A (Sema3A) receptor and soluble L1 converts Sema3A-induced axonal(More)
Familial incontinentia pigmenti (IP; MIM 308310) is a genodermatosis that segregates as an X-linked dominant disorder and is usually lethal prenatally in males. In affected females it causes highly variable abnormalities of the skin, hair, nails, teeth, eyes and central nervous system. The prominent skin signs occur in four classic cutaneous stages:(More)
The L1 cell adhesion molecule has six domains homologous to members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and five homologous to fibronectin type III domains. We determined the outline structure of the L1 domains by showing that they have, at the key sites that determine conformation, residues similar to those in proteins of known structure. The outline(More)
Anticancer drugs targeted to the nuclear enzyme DNA topoisomerase II are classified as poisons that lead to DNA breaks or catalytic inhibitors that appear to completely block enzyme activity. To examine the effects of the bisdioxopiperazine class of catalytic inhibitors to topoisomerase II, we investigated a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) subline selected for(More)
Recently, studies in the usually disparate fields of human genetics and developmental neurobiology have converged to reveal that some types of human mental retardation and brain malformations are due to mutations that affect the neural cell adhesion molecule L1. L1 has a very complex biology, interacting with a variety of ligands, and functioning in(More)
  • S Kenwrick, A Watkins, E De Angelis
  • 2000
Human single gene disorders that affect the nervous system provide a host of natural mutations that can be deployed in the quest to understand its development and function. A paradigm for this approach is the study of disorders caused by mutations in the gene for the neural cell recognition molecule L1. L1 is the founder member of a subfamily of cell(More)
Mutations in the gene for neural cell adhesion molecule L1 (L1CAM) result in a debilitating X-linked congenital disorder of brain development. At the neuronal cell surface L1 may interact with a variety of different molecules including itself and two other CAMs of the immunoglobulin superfamily, axonin-1 and F11. However, whether all of these interactions(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule L1 is a cell surface glycoprotein required for the correct development of the nervous system. L1 exists as two isoforms encoded by mRNA species that either collectively incorporate or exclude exons 2 and 27. Neurons utilize only the full-length isoform, whereas Schwann cells, kidney cells, and blood lymphocytes only express the(More)