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C-terminal truncation of ADAMTS-4 from the p68 form to the p53 form is required for activation of its capacity to cleave the Glu(373)-Ala(374) interglobular domain bond of aggrecan. In transfected human chondrosarcoma cells, this process is not autoproteolytic because the same products form with an inactive mutant of ADAMTS4 (a disintegrin and(More)
A series of amino-pyrimidines was developed based upon an initial kinase cross-screening hit from a CDK2 program. Kinase profiling and structure-based drug design guided the optimization from the initial 1,2,3-benzotriazole hit to a potent and selective JNK inhibitor, compound 24f (JNK1 and 2 IC(50)=16 and 66 nM, respectively), with bioavailability in rats(More)
Using a structure based design approach we have identified a series of indazole substituted pyrrolopyrazines, which are potent inhibitors of JAK3. Intramolecular electronic repulsion was used as a strategy to induce a strong conformational bias within the ligand. Compounds bearing this conformation participated in a favorable hydrophobic interaction with a(More)
The discovery of a novel series of pyrrolopyrazines as JAK inhibitors with comparable enzyme and cellular activity to tofacitinib is described. The series was identified using a scaffold hopping approach aided by structure based drug design using principles of intramolecular hydrogen bonding for conformational restriction and targeting specific pockets for(More)
The Janus kinases (JAKs) are involved in multiple signaling networks relevant to inflammatory diseases, and inhibition of one or more members of this class may modulate disease activity or progression. We optimized a new inhibitor scaffold, 3-amido-5-cyclopropylpyrrolopyrazines, to a potent example with reasonable kinome selectivity, including selectivity(More)
A novel series of indole/indazole-aminopyrimidines was designed and synthesized with an aim to achieve optimal potency and selectivity for the c-Jun kinase family or JNKs. Structure guided design was used to optimize the series resulting in a significant potency improvement. The best compound (17) has IC50 of 3 nM for JNK1 and 20 nM for JNK2, with greater(More)
IRAK-1 and IRAK-4 are protein kinases that mediate signaling by Toll/IL1/Plant R (TIR) domain-containing receptors including the IL-1, IL-18, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Although well studied in mouse systems, the mechanism by which they function in human systems is less clear. To extend our knowledge of how these proteins regulate inflammatory(More)
A novel series of highly selective JNK inhibitors based on the 4-quinolone scaffold was designed and synthesized. Structure based drug design was utilized to guide the compound design as well as improvements in the physicochemical properties of the series. Compound (13c) has an IC(50) of 62/170 nM for JNK1/2, excellent kinase selectivity and impressive(More)
We report the discovery of a novel series of ATP-competitive Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) inhibitors based on the 5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine scaffold. The initial leads in this series, compounds 1a and 1h, showed promising potencies, but a lack of selectivity against other isoforms in the JAK family. Computational and crystallographic analysis suggested that the(More)