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This study examines whether the aged and the middle aged differ in their self-appraisal of health. Data were obtained through interviews and medical records from a probability sample of 460 individuals aged 45 to 89 years old. The aged evaluated their health more pessimistically than the middle aged, after controlling for physical health, psychological(More)
We studied the serum albumin level within 48 hours of hospitalization for acute illness to predict in-hospital death, length of stay, and readmission in 15,511 patients older than 40 years. Patients with low serum albumin levels (less than 34 g/L), who made up 21% of the population, were more likely to die, had longer hospital stays, and were readmitted(More)
We evaluated the occurrence and persistence of delirium in 325 elderly patients admitted to a teaching hospital from either a defined community or a long-term care facility. Of the study participants, 34 (10.5%) had Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition--defined delirium at initial evaluation; of the remaining patients, 91(More)
Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have a substantial risk of subsequently developing type 2 diabetes. This risk may be mitigated by engaging in healthy eating, physical activity, and weight loss when indicated. Since postpartum depressive symptoms may impair a woman’s ability to engage in lifestyle changes, we sought to identify factors(More)
BACKGROUND Delirium is a common outcome after cardiac surgery. Delirium prediction rules identify patients at risk for delirium who may benefit from targeted prevention strategies, early identification, and treatment of underlying causes. The purpose of the present prospective study was to develop a prediction rule for delirium in a cardiac surgery cohort(More)
Alcohol misuse is a growing public health concern for older adults, particularly among primary care patients. To determine alcohol consumption patterns and the characteristics associated with at-risk drinking in a large sample of elderly primary care patients. Cross-sectional analysis of multisite screening data from 6 VA Medical Centers, 2 hospital-based(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine whether integrated mental health services or enhanced referral to specialty mental health clinics results in greater engagement in mental health/substance abuse services by older primary care patients. METHOD This multisite randomized trial included 10 sites consisting of primary care and specialty mental(More)
To study delirium in hospitalized elderly, a delirium symptom interview (DSI) was developed by an interdisciplinary group of investigators. This interview was administered in an acute care hospital to 50 patients who were over the age of 65 years. Results from the interview were compared to assessments of major symptoms of delirium made independently by a(More)
BACKGROUND Delirium has been hypothesized to be a central nervous system response to systemic inflammation during a state of blood-brain barrier compromise. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative changes in groups of inflammatory markers in persons who developed delirium following cardiac surgery and matched controls without delirium. (More)
Using a structured instrument, 325 elderly patients admitted to a general hospital for an acute medical problem were evaluated daily in order to detect symptoms of delirium. Patients were scored for 'hyperactive' or 'hypoactive' symptoms, and then the 125 patients with DSM-III delirium were rated as 'hyperactive type' (15%), 'hypoactive type' (19%), 'mixed(More)