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OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine whether integrated mental health services or enhanced referral to specialty mental health clinics results in greater engagement in mental health/substance abuse services by older primary care patients. METHOD This multisite randomized trial included 10 sites consisting of primary care and specialty mental(More)
Using a structured instrument, 325 elderly patients admitted to a general hospital for an acute medical problem were evaluated daily in order to detect symptoms of delirium. Patients were scored for 'hyperactive' or 'hypoactive' symptoms, and then the 125 patients with DSM-III delirium were rated as 'hyperactive type' (15%), 'hypoactive type' (19%), 'mixed(More)
BACKGROUND Delirium has been hypothesized to be a central nervous system response to systemic inflammation during a state of blood-brain barrier compromise. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative changes in groups of inflammatory markers in persons who developed delirium following cardiac surgery and matched controls without delirium. (More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol misuse is a growing public health concern for older adults, particularly among primary care patients. OBJECTIVES To determine alcohol consumption patterns and the characteristics associated with at-risk drinking in a large sample of elderly primary care patients. DESIGN Cross-sectional analysis of multisite screening data from 6 VA(More)
This pilot study uses an anthropological gaze to analyze transcripts of extended in-home interviews among a set of ten caregivers of African-American elders with dementia. How are race and ethnicity made to matter in the recognition of, the meaning-making around and the responses to dementing illness among a sample of African-American caregivers? The essay(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examines whether older adult primary care patients are satisfied with two intervention models designed to ameliorate their behavioral health problems. METHODS A total of 1,052 primary care patients aged 65 and older with depression, anxiety, or at-risk drinking were randomly assigned to and participated in either integrated care (IC)(More)
To study delirium in hospitalized elderly, a delirium symptom interview (DSI) was developed by an interdisciplinary group of investigators. This interview was administered in an acute care hospital to 50 patients who were over the age of 65 years. Results from the interview were compared to assessments of major symptoms of delirium made independently by a(More)
This paper provides a review of research issues and findings on the epidemiology of delirium. Despite the fact that research on this important geriatric syndrome has been conducted for many decades, several methodological issues make it difficult to compare findings across studies. In this paper we first discuss broadly methodological issues related to(More)
PURPOSE This article presents a summary of an earlier monograph on the recruitment and retention of older ethnic minority individuals. DESIGN AND METHODS The authors provide an overview of recruitment and retention efforts made by six National Institutes of Health Office of Minority Research/National Institute on Aging-funded Centers on Minority Aging and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was part of the Primary Care Research in Substance Abuse and Mental Health for the Elderly study (PRISM-E) and determined the relative effectiveness of two different models of care for reducing at-risk alcohol use among primary care patients aged 65 and older. METHODS This multisite study was a randomized clinical trial comparing(More)