Sue E. Levkoff

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BACKGROUND Delirium is a common outcome after cardiac surgery. Delirium prediction rules identify patients at risk for delirium who may benefit from targeted prevention strategies, early identification, and treatment of underlying causes. The purpose of the present prospective study was to develop a prediction rule for delirium in a cardiac surgery cohort(More)
PURPOSE This article presents a summary of an earlier monograph on the recruitment and retention of older ethnic minority individuals. DESIGN AND METHODS The authors provide an overview of recruitment and retention efforts made by six National Institutes of Health Office of Minority Research/National Institute on Aging-funded Centers on Minority Aging and(More)
We studied the serum albumin level within 48 hours of hospitalization for acute illness to predict in-hospital death, length of stay, and readmission in 15,511 patients older than 40 years. Patients with low serum albumin levels (less than 34 g/L), who made up 21% of the population, were more likely to die, had longer hospital stays, and were readmitted(More)
Using a structured instrument, 325 elderly patients admitted to a general hospital for an acute medical problem were evaluated daily in order to detect symptoms of delirium. Patients were scored for 'hyperactive' or 'hypoactive' symptoms, and then the 125 patients with DSM-III delirium were rated as 'hyperactive type' (15%), 'hypoactive type' (19%), 'mixed(More)
PURPOSE We systematically measured the associations between environmental design features of nursing home special care units and the incidence of aggression, agitation, social withdrawal, depression, and psychotic problems among persons living there who have Alzheimer's disease or a related disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS We developed and tested a model of(More)
BACKGROUND Women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes. Despite this "window of opportunity," few intervention studies have targeted postpartum women with a history of GDM. We sought perspectives of women with a history of GDM to identify a) barriers and facilitators to healthy(More)
This study examines whether the aged and the middle aged differ in their self-appraisal of health. Data were obtained through interviews and medical records from a probability sample of 460 individuals aged 45 to 89 years old. The aged evaluated their health more pessimistically than the middle aged, after controlling for physical health, psychological(More)
We evaluated the occurrence and persistence of delirium in 325 elderly patients admitted to a teaching hospital from either a defined community or a long-term care facility. Of the study participants, 34 (10.5%) had Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition--defined delirium at initial evaluation; of the remaining patients, 91(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine risk factors for delirium in elderly hospitalized patients. DESIGN Cohort analytic study. Using a reliable and valid instrument for detection of delirium, we prospectively followed up a cohort of elderly patients admitted to an acute care hospital. Using standardized criteria, we collected risk factor data from patient medical(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether patients who developed delirium after cardiac surgery were at risk of functional decline. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Two academic hospitals and a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS One hundred ninety patients aged 60 and older undergoing elective or urgent cardiac surgery. MEASUREMENTS(More)