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Taste receptor cells detect chemicals in the oral cavity and transmit this information to taste nerves, but the neurotransmitter(s) have not been identified. We report that adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is the key neurotransmitter in this system. Genetic elimination of ionotropic purinergic receptors (P2X2 and P2X3) eliminates taste responses in the taste(More)
Amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels play an important role in transducing Na+ salt taste. Previous studies revealed that in rodent taste cells, the channel shares electrophysiological and pharmacological properties with the epithelial Na+ channel, ENaC. Using subunit-specific antibodies directed against alpha, beta, and gamma subunits of rat ENaC (rENaC), we(More)
The voltage-dependent currents of isolated Necturus lingual cells were studied using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Nongustatory surface epithelial cells had only passive membrane properties. Small, spherical cells resembling basal cells responded to depolarizing voltage steps with predominantly outward K+ currents. Taste(More)
Behavioral and physiological studies have demonstrated a reduced sensitivity to several taste stimuli early in development. It has been suggested that this reduced sensitivity results from a late maturation of underlying transduction mechanisms. Little is known, however, about maturation of membrane properties of taste cells early in development. We have(More)
Rat taste buds contain three morphologically distinct cell types that are candidates for taste transduction. The physiologic roles of these cells are, however, not clear. Inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)) has been implicated as an important second messenger in bitter, sweet, and umami taste transductions. Previously, we identified the type III IP(3)(More)
Despite extensive immunological characterization of the cells within taste buds, little is known about the functional significance of the different cell types. In this study, we use taste cells isolated from mouse vallate and foliate papillae to characterize voltage-gated currents in the three principal elongate types of taste cells: type I, II, and III.(More)
Previous studies have shown that mudpuppy taste receptor cells respond to sour taste stimuli (weak acids) with depolarizing receptor potentials or action potentials that are blocked by the K+ channel blocker tetraethylammonium. Voltage-clamp recordings from isolated taste cells indicated that taste receptor cells exhibit a variety of voltage-dependent(More)
Sour taste is mediated by acids with the degree of sourness a function of proton concentration. Recently, several members of the acid-sensing ion channel subfamily (ASICs) were cloned from taste cells and proposed to mediate sour taste. However, it is not known whether sour responses in taste cells resemble the responses mediated by ASICs. Using the whole(More)
The activity of taste cells maintained in the intact hamster tongue was monitored in response to acid stimulation by recording action currents from taste receptor cells with an extracellular "macro" patch pipette: a glass pipette was pressed over the taste pore of fungiform papillae and perfused with citric acid, hydrochloric acid, or NaCl. Because this(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamate has been proposed as a transmitter in the peripheral taste system in addition to its well-documented role as an umami taste stimulus. Evidence for a role as a transmitter includes the presence of ionotropic glutamate receptors in nerve fibers and taste cells, as well as the expression of the glutamate transporter GLAST in Type I taste(More)