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OBJECT This study was undertaken to assess the long-term efficacy and toxicity of conventional fractionated external-beam radiation in the treatment of benign skull base meningioma. METHODS This is a retrospective study of 82 patients with histologically verified benign skull base meningioma treated by surgery followed by fractionated external-beam(More)
BACKGROUND Early findings on the use of tamoxifen or raloxifene as prophylaxis against breast cancer have been mixed; we update available data and overview the combined results. METHODS All five randomised prevention trials comparing tamoxifen or raloxifene with placebo were included. Relevant data on contralateral breast tumours and side-effects were(More)
BACKGROUND The global lapatinib expanded access programme provided access to lapatinib combined with capecitabine for women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who previously received anthracycline, taxane and trastuzumab. METHODS Progression-free survival (PFS) and safety data for 356 patients recruited from the United Kingdom are reported.(More)
INTRODUCTION Experimental and clinical data show that the oral bisphosphonate clodronate (Bonefos) can inhibit tumor-induced osteoclastic bone resorption. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial was designed to determine if the addition of oral clodronate to standard treatment for primary operable breast cancer could reduce the(More)
Epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that oestrogens are involved in the carcinogenic promotion of human breast cancer. We have undertaken a pilot trial of tamoxifen, an anti-oestrogen, compared to placebo given to 200 women at a high risk of developing breast cancer. The results of this trial show that acute toxicity is low and that accrual(More)
The role of chemotherapy in the palliation of patients with advanced stage (IIIB and IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. We have carried out a chemotherapy study emphasising symptom relief, a topic not normally discussed in previous similar studies. A total of 120 patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung(More)
This prospective multicentre study assesses long-term impact of genetic testing for breast/ovarian cancer predisposition in a clinical cohort. Areas evaluated include risk management, distress and insurance problems 3 years post-testing. Participants are adults unaffected with cancer from families with a known BRCA1/2 mutation. One hundred and ninety-three(More)
The intention of this study was to identify the pretreatment characteristics predicting for the survival, objective response and symptom relief in patients with non-resectable, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) managed in the Lung Unit at the Royal Marsden Hospital. This analysis included 290 patients with advanced NSCLC generally treated with a(More)
BACKGROUND Tamoxifen, a drug with antioestrogenic effects, is predicted to prevent the occurrence of breast cancer. We have undertaken a trial of tamoxifen in healthy women who are at increased risk of breast cancer because of family history. We report a planned interim analysis. METHODS Between October, 1986, and April, 1996, we accrued 2494 healthy(More)