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CONTEXT Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common, acquired, childhood disability that may be used as a model to understand more completely the impact of early brain injury on both brain structure and day-to-day function. Contrary to previously held views of the "plasticity" of the young brain, recent research suggests that such early insults may have a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relative contributions of injury severity, level of physical and cognitive disability, child behavior and family function to short-term outcome 6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. DESIGN Prospective, longitudinal, between-group design, comparing preinjury and postinjury measures of functional outcome(More)
Much is known about outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in school-age children; however, recovery in early childhood is less well understood. Some argue that such injuries should lead to good outcome, because of the plasticity of the developing brain. Other purport that the young brain is vulnerable, with injury likely to result in a substantial(More)
It has been argued that young children's brains are "plastic," and may sustain substantial brain insult with little loss of function. Recent research suggests that this notion may not apply for generalized cerebral pathology. The present study aimed to evaluate this proposition using a sample of 73 young children, divided into 3 groups: severe head injury(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common, acquired disability that may be used as a model to understand the impact of early brain injury on brain structure and function. To date, few studies have followed very young children over time after insult. OBJECTIVE To plot recovery and outcome of intellectual ability after early TBI over the 5 years(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may have a profound impact on a child's ongoing development. Various risk factors have been found to predict outcome, but considerable variability remains unexplained. This study used a prospective, longitudinal design to examine recovery of memory function following TBI within the pre-school period. Forty-four children with TBI(More)
Little is known of the molecular processes that lead to the growth of stereocilia on the surface of hair cells in the inner ear. The PDZ protein whirlin is known, by virtue of the whirler mutation, to be involved in the process of stereocilia elongation and actin polymerization in the sensory hair cells of mammals. We have investigated the function of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim was to examine functional outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI) during early childhood, to investigate impairments up to 5 years postinjury and identify predictors of outcome. METHODS The study compared three groups of children (mild = 11, moderate = 22, severe = 15), aged 2.0-6.11 years at injury, to a healthy control group(More)
Otitis media (OM), inflammation of the middle ear, remains the most common cause of hearing impairment in children. It is also the most common cause of surgery in children in the developed world. There is evidence from studies of the human population and mouse models that there is a significant genetic component predisposing to OM, yet nothing is known(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may have a profound impact on a child's ongoing development. Various risk factors have been found to predict outcome, but considerable variability remains unexplained. This study used a prospective, longitudinal design to examine recovery of memory function following TBI within the pre school period. Ninety-six children with TBI(More)