Learn More
Sodium plays a key role in determining the basal excitability of the nervous systems through the resting "leak" Na(+) permeabilities, but the molecular identities of the TTX- and Cs(+)-resistant Na(+) leak conductance are totally unknown. Here we show that this conductance is formed by the protein NALCN, a substantially uncharacterized member of the(More)
Calcium oscillations suppress mitochondrial movements along the microtubules to support on-demand distribution of mitochondria. To activate this mechanism, Ca(2+) targets a yet unidentified cytoplasmic factor that does not seem to be a microtubular motor or a kinase/phosphatase. Here, we have studied the dependence of mitochondrial dynamics on the Miro(More)
Local Ca(2+) transfer between adjoining domains of the sarcoendoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR) and mitochondria allows ER/SR Ca(2+) release to activate mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake and to evoke a matrix [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](m)) rise. [Ca(2+)](m) exerts control on several steps of energy metabolism to synchronize ATP generation with cell function. However, calcium(More)
Several neurotransmitters act through G-protein-coupled receptors to evoke a 'slow' excitation of neurons. These include peptides, such as substance P and neurotensin, as well as acetylcholine and noradrenaline. Unlike the fast (approximately millisecond) ionotropic actions of small-molecule neurotransmitters, the slow excitation is not well understood at(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR2 is a key mediator of neutrophil migration that also plays a role in tumor development. However, CXCR2 influences tumors through multiple mechanisms and might promote or inhibit tumor development depending on context. Here, we used several mouse models of spontaneous and inflammation-driven neoplasia to define indispensable roles(More)
Outward rectifying. cation channels were observed in the epithelial cells of the urinary bladder of the toad.Bufo marinus. As studied in isolated cells using the patch-clamp technique, the channel has an average conductance of 24 and 157 pS for pipette potentials between 0 and +60 mV and −60 to −100 mV, respectively, when the major cation in both bath and(More)
New gene expressed in prostate (NGEP) is a prostate-specific polytopic membrane protein found at high concentrations at cell:cell contact regions. To determine if NGEP is a useful target for antibody-based therapy of prostate cancer, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis of 126 human prostate carcinoma samples using polyclonal anti-NGEP sera and(More)
We identified a gene (NGEP) that is expressed only in prostate cancer and normal prostate. The two NGEP transcripts are 0.9 kb and 3.5 kb in size and are generated by a differential splicing event. The short variant (NGEP-S) is derived from four exons and encodes a 20-kDa intracellular protein. The long form (NGEP-L) is derived from 18 exons and encodes a(More)
NGEP is a prostate-specific gene identified by analysis of expressed sequence tag databases. RNA analysis revealed two spliced forms of NGEP mRNA: a short form encoding a soluble protein (NGEP-S) and a long form encoding a polytopic membrane protein (NGEP-L). Transient expression of myc epitope-tagged NGEP-L showed that it was localized to the plasma(More)
New gene expressed in prostate (NGEP) is a prostate-specific gene encoding either a small cytoplasmic protein (NGEP-S) or a larger polytopic membrane protein (NGEP-L). NGEP-L expression is detectable only in prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia and normal prostate. We have identified an HLA-A2 binding NGEP epitope (designated P703) which was used(More)