Sudhir Kumar

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To maximize network lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) the paths for data transfer are selected in such a way that the total energy consumed along the path is minimized. To support high scalability and better data aggregation, sensor nodes are often grouped into disjoint, non overlapping subsets called clusters. Clusters create hierarchical WSNs(More)
In this paper, a hybrid 1-bit full adder design employing both complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) logic and transmission gate logic is reported. The design was first implemented for 1 bit and then extended for 32 bit also. The circuit was implemented using Cadence Virtuoso tools in 180-and 90-nm technology. Performance parameters such as power,(More)
Routing in WSNs (Wireless Sensor Networks) is very challenging due to some special characteristics that differentiate these networks from other wireless networks like cellular networks, mobile ad-hoc network etc. The difference is due to scalability, careful resource management etc. Sensor nodes are generally battery powered, are expected to be remotely(More)
BACKGROUND Publication databases in biomedicine (e.g., PubMed, MEDLINE) are growing rapidly in size every year, as are public databases of experimental biological data and annotations derived from the data. Publications often contain evidence that confirm or disprove annotations, such as putative protein functions, however, it is increasingly difficult for(More)
Prostate tissue characteristics play an important role in predicting the recurrence of prostate cancer. Currently, experienced pathologists manually grade these prostate tissues using the GIeason scoring system, a subjective approach which summarizes the overall progression and aggressiveness of the cancer. Using advanced image processing techniques, Aureon(More)
Genome editing is an approach in which a specific target DNA sequence of the genome is altered by adding, removing, or replacing DNA bases. Artificially engineered hybrid enzymes, zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), and transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and the CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)-Cas(More)
Flicker is a common video-compression-related temporal artifact. It occurs when co-located regions of consecutive frames are not encoded in a consistent manner, especially when Intra frames are periodically inserted at low and medium bit rates. In this paper we propose a flicker reduction method which aims to make the luminance changes between pixels in the(More)
A Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of multi-hop wireless mobile nodes among which the communication is carried out without any centralized control or fixed infrastructure. MANET is a self-organized, self-configurable network having no infrastructure, and in which the mobile nodes move arbitrarily. The wireless link in the network are highly(More)