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Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in developing as well as developed countries. Life style choices, particularly tobacco smoking, have been implicated as the main cause in the development of the LC. Despite the fact that majority cases of the LC occur among smokers, only 1–15% of smokers develop LC. In the present study, we(More)
The structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators ciprofibrate, clofibrate, and bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate [(EtHx)2 greater than Pht] increase the activities of hepatic catalase and peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation enzymes in conjunction with profound proliferation of peroxisomes in hepatocytes. In order to delineate the level at which these enzymes(More)
Curcumin, a safe nutritional component and a highly promising natural antioxidant with a wide spectrum of biological functions, has been examined in several metal toxicity studies, but its role in protection against mercury toxicity has not been investigated. Therefore, the detoxification and antioxidant effects of curcumin were examined to determine its(More)
Several hypolipidemic drugs and certain industrial plasticizers induce proliferation of peroxisomes, enhance the activity of peroxisome-associated beta-oxidation of fatty acids, and produce hepatocellular carcinomas in the livers of rodents. Because these chemicals themselves are not mutagens and do not covalently modify DNA, unlike the majority of chemical(More)
BACKGROUND In view of the recent upsurge in the phenomenon of therapeutic failure, drug resistance in Leishmania, developed under natural field conditions, has become a great concern yet little understood. Accordingly, the study of determinants of antimony resistance is urgently warranted. Efflux transporters have been reported in Leishmania but their role(More)
Male F344 rats were fed a diet containing the peroxisome proliferators 2-[4-(2,2-dichlorocyclopropyl)phenoxy]-2-methylpropionic acid [ciprofibrate (0.025%)] or [4-chloro-6-(2,3-xylidino)-2-pyrimidinylthio]acetic acid [Wy-14643 (0.1%)] for up to 14 months to determine whether hepatic peroxisome proliferation caused by these agents results in the induction of(More)
To evaluate the effect of pre- or posttreatment of selenium (6 micromol/kg b.w., single intraperitoneal injection) in mercury intoxication, rats were exposed to mercury (12 micromol/kg b.w., single intraperitoneal injection). Exposure to mercury resulted in induced oxidative stress in liver, kidney, and brain tissues. Marked changes in serum biochemical(More)
Hepatocarcinogenic peroxisome proliferators, clofibrate, ciprofibrate, Wy-14643 or di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, were administered once daily by gavage to groups of three male F344 rats for 3 days and the rats were killed 2 h after the last dose. The DNA isolated from the livers was analyzed for possible carcinogen-DNA adducts, by a most sensitive(More)
[3H][2-methyl-2-p-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-naphthyl)phenoxy] propionic acid (nafenopin), a hepatocarcinogenic peroxisome proliferator, when administered p.o. to normal intact and partially hepatectomized male F344 rats did not show any significant binding to DNA and RNA, but bound to proteins. The in vitro incubation of [3H]nafenopin and(More)
BACKGROUND Cholecystokinin type A receptor (CCKAR) is known to be overexpressed in variety of human malignancies but information regarding its expression in gallbladder cancer (GBC) is limited. Attempts were now made to investigate expression pattern of CCKAR mRNA and protein in controls and GBC patients and correlate it with various clinicopathological(More)