Sudhir Chandna

Learn More
PURPOSE Lepidopteran insect cells are known to exhibit very high radioresistance. Although very effective DNA excision-repair has been proposed as a contributing factor, a detailed understanding of insect cell radiation responses has not yet been obtained. Therefore, the study was carried out to understand the in vitro radiation responses of Sf9(More)
Release of cytochrome-c from mitochondria is a key regulatory event in the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis, and its mechanism has been the subject of extensive debate with investigators proposing different and contrasting models. While some models suggest that cytochrome-c release can occur in absence of permeability transition and is mediated by the(More)
Role of cytochrome-c in insect cell apoptosis is highly controversial, with many earlier reports suggesting lack of involvement of mitochondrial factors in Drosophila while more recent studies have indicated otherwise, thus warranting more in-depth studies of insect cell apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated mitochondrial involvement during(More)
ATM, mutation of which causes Ataxia telangiectasia, has emerged as a cardinal multifunctional protein kinase during past two decades as evidenced by various studies from around the globe. Further to its well established and predominant role in DNA damage response, ATM has also been understood to help in maintaining overall functional integrity of cells;(More)
BACKGROUND Single-cell gel electrophoresis, or the comet assay, a technique widely used for DNA damage analysis, has been used recently for detecting DNA fragmentation in cells undergoing apoptosis. However, the number of variants of this assay used thus far primarily detected the late stages of DNA fragmentation. Therefore, monitoring the progression of(More)
We investigated the mechanisms of inhibitory effect of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) antagonist JMR-132 on the growth of HT29, HCT-116 and HCT-15 human colon cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. High-affinity binding sites for GHRH and mRNA for GHRH and splice variant-1 (SV1) of the GHRH receptor were found in all three cell lines tested.(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disease characterized by both extra- as well as intracellular deposition of amyloid beta peptides (Abeta). The accumulation of Abeta in mitochondria is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in AD. Recent evidences suggest the involvement of Abeta interaction with mitochondrial(More)
The hyper-radiosensitivity at low doses recently observed in vitro in a number of cell lines is thought to have important implications for improving tumor radiotherapy. However, cell-cell contact and the cellular environment influence cellular radiosensitivity at higher doses, and they may alter hyper-radiosensitivity in vivo. To confirm this supposition,(More)
Conventional DNA ladder assay has certain shortcomings such as loss of DNA fragments during sample processing, involvement of multiple steps and requirement of expensive reagents. The present study demonstrates a rapid, easy-to-perform cost-effective method for detection of apoptotic DNA fragments with considerable improvement in the sensitivity by avoiding(More)
Downregulation of microRNA-31 has been linked with enhanced stress resistance, while its overexpression leads to cell death. In this study, we found mediatory role of microRNA-31 in γ-radiation-induced apoptosis in a model insect cell line Sf9 carrying well-conserved apoptotic machinery. Mature microRNA-31 is perfectly conserved amongst insects; hence we(More)