Sudhir Agrawal

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Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classical class I antigen. It has limited expression, but is high at the foetomaternal interface. This unique expression pattern of HLA-G suggests that it might be important for survival of the foetus during pregnancy. In the present study, 120 women with recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA) and 120 fertile control(More)
Three approaches were used to study hybridization of complementary oligodeoxynucleotides by nonradiative fluorescence resonance energy transfer. (i) Fluorescein (donor) and rhodamine (acceptor) were covalently attached to the 5' ends of complementary oligodeoxynucleotides of various lengths. Upon hybridization of the complementary oligodeoxynucleotides,(More)
We describe preliminary studies of the pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and excretion of an oligodeoxy-nucleotide phosphorothioate ([S]oligonucleotide) in mice. After either intravenous or intraperitoneal administration of a single dose (30 mg/kg of body weight), [S]oligonucleotide (35S-labeled at each internucleotide linkage) was found in most of the(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the major cause of acute epidemic and sporadic hepatitis in the developing world. It is a positive-strand RNA virus with a genome length of about 7.2 kb. The replication mechanism of this virus is virtually unexplored. Identification of the regulatory elements involved in initiation of replication may help in designing specific(More)
Stable expression of short-hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) directed against the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) resulted in the generation of three MDA-MB-231 cell lines (XIAP shRNA cells) with reductions in XIAP mRNA and protein levels > 85% relative to MDA-MB-231 cells stably transfected with the U6 RNA polymerase III promoter alone (U6 cells). This RNA(More)
PURPOSE Cancer cells can use X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) to evade apoptotic cues, including chemotherapy. The antitumor potential of AEG35156, a novel second-generation antisense oligonucleotide directed toward XIAP, was assessed in human cancer models when given as a single agent and in combination with clinically relevant chemotherapeutics. (More)
BACKGROUND DNA damage has been found to play an important role in atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. Genetic polymorphisms of the genes coding for enzymes involved in the metabolism of genotoxins result in different phenotypes with respect to their ability to detoxify these agents. In the present study the contribution of the polymorphism in the(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides are promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of life-threatening diseases. Intravenous injection of phosphodiester oligonucleotide analogue (P-oligonucleotide) in monkeys shows that the oligonucleotide is degraded rapidly in the plasma with a half-life of about 5 minutes. Administration of a single dose of the(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms in paraoxonase 1 (PON1) coding for PON1 enzyme have been studied as genetic markers of coronary artery disease (CAD). PON1 Q192R and PON1 L55M polymorphisms have been analyzed extensively, but data on association and role of these polymorphisms in the etiology of CAD are conflicting. In this study, we tested the genetic association(More)
BY55 is a human cell surface molecule whose expression is restricted to NK cells, a subset of circulating CD8+ T lymphocytes, and all intestinal intraepithelial T lymphocytes. Here, we report that BY55 is a novel NK receptor showing broad specificity for both classical and nonclassical MHC class I molecules, and that optimal binding requires a prior(More)