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Stable expression of short-hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) directed against the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) resulted in the generation of three MDA-MB-231 cell lines (XIAP shRNA cells) with reductions in XIAP mRNA and protein levels > 85% relative to MDA-MB-231 cells stably transfected with the U6 RNA polymerase III promoter alone (U6 cells). This RNA(More)
Synthetic agonists of Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), a class of agents that induce specific immune response, exhibit antitumor activity and are currently being investigated in cancer patients. Intriguingly, their mechanisms of action on tumor growth and angiogenesis are still incompletely understood. We recently discovered that a synthetic agonist of TLR9,(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides are promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of life-threatening diseases. Intravenous injection of phosphodiester oligonucleotide analogue (P-oligonucleotide) in monkeys shows that the oligonucleotide is degraded rapidly in the plasma with a half-life of about 5 minutes. Administration of a single dose of the(More)
The MDM2 oncogene has both p53-dependent and p53-independent activities. We have previously reported that antisense MDM2 inhibitors have significant anti-tumor activity in multiple human cancer models with various p53 statuses (Zhang, Z., Li, M., Wang, H., Agrawal, S., and Zhang, R. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 100, 11636-11641). We have also(More)
PURPOSE Cancer cells can use X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) to evade apoptotic cues, including chemotherapy. The antitumor potential of AEG35156, a novel second-generation antisense oligonucleotide directed toward XIAP, was assessed in human cancer models when given as a single agent and in combination with clinically relevant chemotherapeutics. (More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the major cause of acute epidemic and sporadic hepatitis in the developing world. It is a positive-strand RNA virus with a genome length of about 7.2 kb. The replication mechanism of this virus is virtually unexplored. Identification of the regulatory elements involved in initiation of replication may help in designing specific(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides are an attractive potential alternative to conventional drugs as antiviral agents. A major advantage is the relatively simple rational design of oligonucleotides which should bind only to specific nucleic acid sequences, compared with conventional drugs which are frequently targeted against sites of unknown structure in proteins.(More)
– Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are a set of mobile nodes which are self-configuring and connected by wireless links automatically as per the defined routing protocol. The absence of a central management agency or a fixed infrastructure is a key feature of MANETs. These nodes communicate with each other by interchange of packets, which for those nodes not(More)
We describe preliminary studies of the pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and excretion of an oligodeoxy-nucleotide phosphorothioate ([S]oligonucleotide) in mice. After either intravenous or intraperitoneal administration of a single dose (30 mg/kg of body weight), [S]oligonucleotide (35S-labeled at each internucleotide linkage) was found in most of the(More)
Immunologically specific blocking factors (BF) are believed to play a protective role in the maintenance of pregnancy. We compared the levels of BF in normal pregnant women and in patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and observed that the two groups differ significantly from one another. MLC inhibitory activity was present throughout normal(More)