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– Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are a set of mobile nodes which are self-configuring and connected by wireless links automatically as per the defined routing protocol. The absence of a central management agency or a fixed infrastructure is a key feature of MANETs. These nodes communicate with each other by interchange of packets, which for those nodes not(More)
PURPOSE Radiation-induced gastrointestinal syndrome (RIGS) is due to the clonogenic loss of crypt cells and villi depopulation, resulting in disruption of mucosal barrier, bacterial invasion, inflammation and sepsis. Intestinal macrophages could recognize invading bacterial DNA via TLR9 receptors and transmit regenerative signals to the neighboring crypt.(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies have shown that a new generation of synthetic agonist of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 consisting a 3'-3'-attached structure and a dCp7-deaza-dG dinucultodie shows more potent immunostimulatory effects in both mouse and human than conventional CpG oligonucleotides. Radiation therapy (RT) provides a source of tumor antigens that are(More)
Oligonucleotides containing an immune-stimulatory motif and an immune-regulatory motif act as antagonists of Toll-like receptor (TLR)7 and TLR9. In the present study, we designed and synthesized oligonucleotide-based antagonists of TLR7, 8 and 9 containing a 7-deaza-dG or arabino-G modification in the immune-stimulatory motif and 2'-O-methylribonucleotides(More)
This paper proposes a modified version of conventional HLR/VLR scheme for improving the location management in PCS network. The conventional HLR/VLR scheme suggests that when a mobile terminal (MT) moves from one LA to another LA which is served by different VLR, it registers itself with new VLR along with HLR, at the same time HLR deregisters the mobile(More)
The ever-increasing demand of mobile system is posing a great challenge for efficient call delivery due to tremendous surge in numbers of mobile subscribers. In order to scale well with increased users, the efforts are underway to develop the new location management techniques as well as to optimize the existing ones so as to keep up-to-date information(More)
Node cooperation is the basic paradigm for efficient functioning of MANETs (Mobile Ad hoc Networks). A paradigm shift from this trait causes the nodes to misbehave thereby affecting the network performance. Selfishness to conserve own resources, Maliciousness to disrupt the network fabric or Malfunctioning may cause the nodes to misbehave. MANET(More)
This paper presents a chaotic map based cryptography technique, in the proposed technique; confusion and diffusion applied on spectral domain (on DCT(Discrete Cosine Transform) coefficients) hence the encryption can be achieved quickly without applying the large number of confusion and diffusion cycle as it is needed in spatial domain. Also the diffusion(More)
Handover mechanism is extremely important in cellular network because of the cellular architecture employed to maximize spectrum utilization. Handover is the procedure that transfers an ongoing call from one cell to another as the user's moves through the coverage area of cellular system. One way to improve the cellular network performance is to use(More)