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Familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer accounts for 3 to 9% of all cases of thyroid cancer, but the susceptibility genes are not known. Here, we report a germline variant of HABP2 in seven affected members of a kindred with familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer and in 4.7% of 423 patients with thyroid cancer. This variant was associated with increased HABP2(More)
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most lethal human malignancies, but its genetic drivers remain little understood. In this study, we report losses in expression of the miRNA miR30a, which is downregulated in ATC compared with differentiated thyroid cancer and normal tissue. miR30a downregulation was associated with advanced differentiated(More)
To gain insight into the pathogenesis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and whether there is progression from normal-to-adenoma-to-carcinoma, we performed genome-wide gene expression, gene methylation, microRNA expression and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis in human adrenocortical tissue (normal, adrenocortical adenomas and ACC) samples. A(More)
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare but lethal malignancy without effective current therapy for metastatic disease. IL-13-PE is a recombinant cytotoxin consisting of human interleukin-13 (IL-13) and a truncated form of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE). The main objectives of this Phase I dose-escalation trial were to assess the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD),(More)
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) lacks diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers to guide treatment. A consistently dysregulated pathway in ACC is the IGF signaling pathway, specifically overexpression of IGF2, IGF-I-receptor, and IGFBP2. The objective of this study was to perform a comprehensive analysis of serum IGF and IGFBP levels and to determine their(More)
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most lethal human malignancies, but its genetic drivers remain little understood. In this study, we report losses in expression of the miRNA miR30a, which is downregulated in ATC compared with differentiated thyroid cancer and normal tissue. miR30a downregulation was associated with advanced differentiated(More)
To the Editor: Gara et al. (July 30 issue)1 report that the G534E variant of HABP2 could be the causative mutation in familial nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma. The genetic evidence included segregation of this heterozygous variant in a family with papillary thyroid cancer and a significant difference in the frequency of the mutation between patients with(More)
Patients with Cushing’s Syndrome (CS) and Conn’s Syndrome with bilateral adrenal masses pose a dilemma. Uptake of 18F-FDG by hyperfunctioning adrenal glands has not been previously reported and may help lateralize. The aim was to determine if 18F-FDG PET/CT scan could identify hyperfunctioning adrenal masses and determine a biological basis for uptake.(More)
Purpose: There is currently no standard therapy for anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC), which account for two-thirds of thyroid cancer-related deaths. Driver mutations in the PI3K/AKT and RAF/RAS/MEK/ERK pathways are common in ATC and PDTC. Histone deacetylases (HDAC) regulate cancer initiation and progression.(More)
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