Sudharshan Hariharan

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Estradiol (E2), a highly lipophilic molecule with good oral absorption but poor oral bioavailability, was incorporated into poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles to improve its oral bioavailability. Nanoparticles were prepared by using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DMAB) as stabilizer, leading to negatively (size(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate in vivo corneal absorption of the amino acid prodrugs of acyclovir (ACV) using a topical well model and microdialysis in rabbits. METHODS Stability of L-alanine-ACV (AACV), L-serine-ACV (SACV), L-isoleucine-ACV (IACV), gamma-glutamate-ACV (EACV) and L-valine-ACV (VACV) prodrugs was evaluated in various ocular tissues. Dose-dependent(More)
Although the Hinchey scoring system has guided surgical decision making for perforated diverticulitis, what constitutes optimal surgical management is controversial. We report our experience of selective primary closure of the perforation without use of a transverse colostomy and the specific circumstances in which this may be safe. All cases of perforated(More)
The objectives were (i) to test in vivo functional activity of MRP2 on rabbit corneal epithelium and (ii) to evaluate modulation of P-gp and MRP2 mediated efflux of erythromycin when co-administered with corticosteroids. Cultured rabbit primary corneal epithelial cells (rPCECs) was employed as an in vitro model for rabbit cornea. Cellular accumulation and(More)
The objective of this work was to derive a dosing regimen for dabigatran in patients with severe renal impairment by modeling and simulation. Data from a dedicated renal impairment study were used to model the pharmacokinetics of dabigatran in normal and renal-impaired subjects. Model parameters were used to simulate the average concentration time-course of(More)
A sensitive, selective, accurate and robust LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the quantitative determination of glucocorticoids in rabbit ocular tissues. Samples were processed by a simple liquid-liquid extraction procedure. Chromatographic separation was performed on Phenomenex reversed phase C18 gemini column (50mmx4.6mm i.d.,) with an(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this research was to investigate the presence of sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT) on rabbit corneal epithelial cells. METHODS Primary cultured rabbit corneal epithelial cells (rPCECs)and freshly excised rabbit corneas were used for characterization of biotin uptake and transport, respectively. Reverse(More)
PURPOSE The objectives of this work were (i) to screen ocular hypotensive prostaglandin (PGF2 alpha) analogs--bimatoprost, latanoprost, and travoprost as well as their free acid forms--for interaction with efflux pumps on the cornea and (ii) to assess the modulation of efflux upon co-administration of these prostaglandin analogs. METHODS Cultured rabbit(More)
AIM The overall aim of this study was to evaluate the corneal absorption of dipeptide monoester prodrugs of ganciclovir (GCV) and compare these results with L-valine-GCV and GCV. Another aim was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of these prodrugs in aqueous humor. METHODS A well was placed on the cornea of anesthetized New Zealand albino rabbits with(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a clear aqueous mixed nanomicellar formulation (MNF) of dexamethasone utilizing both d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol-1000 succinate (Vit E TPGS) and octoxynol-40 (Oc-40). In this study, Vit E TPGS and Oc-40 are independent variables. Formulations were prepared following solvent evaporation method. A three level(More)