Sudhakar K. Mallya

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The precise function of the yolk platelets of sea urchin embryos during early development is unknown. We have shown previously that the chemical composition of the yolk platelets remains unchanged in terms of phospholipid, triglyceride, hexose, sialic acid, RNA, and total protein content after fertilization and early development. However, the platelet is(More)
Four new fluorogenic heptapeptide substrates have been synthesized with sequences that are optimized for five human matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). All four substrates are similar to one recently reported by Stack and Gray (1989, J. Biol. Chem. 264, 4277-4281) and have the fluorescent Trp residue in subsite P'2 and the dinitrophenol (DNP) quenching group(More)
We have developed a sensitive and continuously recording fluorogenic assay for the thiol protease calpain. This assay uses the dipeptide substrate Suc-Leu-Tyr-4-Methoxy-2-Naphthylamine (Suc-LY-MNA) in Tris buffer (pH 7.5) in the presence of 0.1% CHAPS. The assay is linear over a wide range of enzyme concentration and is capable of detecting 10 picomolar(More)
Calpain I, an intracellular cysteine protease, has been implicated in the neurodegeneration following an episode of cerebral ischemia. In this paper, we report on a series of peptidomimetic ketomethylene and carbamethylene inhibitors of recombinant human calpain I (rh calpain I). Our study reveals that the -NHCO-moiety (possible hydrogen-bonding site) at(More)
Calpain I is a heterodimeric protein that is part of a family of calcium-activated intracellular cysteine proteases presumed to play a role in mediating signals transduced by calcium. Expression of bioactive recombinant human calpain I has been achieved using the baculovirus expression system, by either co-infection with two viruses, each expressing one of(More)
The kinetics of hydrolysis of rat tendon type I, bovine nasal septum type II, and human placental type III collagens by class I and class II Clostridium histolyticum collagenases (CHC) have been investigated. To facilitate this study, radioassays developed previously for the hydrolysis of these [3H]acetylated collagens by tissue collagenases have been(More)
alpha 1-Proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) is the major endogenous inhibitor of human leukocyte elastase (HLE). We have employed two different methods to quantitate the binding of alpha 1-PI to extracellular matrix (ECM), composed of 51% glycoproteins and proteoglycans, 37% types I and III collagen, and 12% elastin, derived from rat heart smooth muscle(More)
The mechanism of inhibition of two forms of human neutrophil collagenase (HNC) by six Au(I) compounds, some of which are used as chrysotherapeutic agents, has been investigated. The two forms of enzyme studied are active and latent HNC, the latter of which is activated by p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB). The effects of PCMB and Zn(II), which are normally(More)