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The metabotropic glutamate receptor, mGluR5, has a critical role in induction of NMDA-receptor-dependent forms of synaptic plasticity and excitotoxicity. This is likely mediated by a reciprocal positive-feedback interaction between these two glutamate receptor subtypes in which activation of mGluR5 potentiates NMDA receptor currents and NMDA receptor(More)
Previous reports have shown that activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors potentiates responses to activation of the group I metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR5 by reversing PKC-mediated desensitization of this receptor. NMDA-induced reversal of mGluR5 desensitization is dependent on activation of protein phosphatases. However, the specific(More)
Glutamate regulates neuronal function by acting on ionotropic receptors such as the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor and metabotropic receptors (mGluRs). We have previously shown that low concentrations of NMDA are able to significantly potentiate mGluR5 responses via activation of a protein phosphatase and reversal of phosphorylation-induced(More)
In this study, two related issues were addressed: first, whether the P3 component of auditory evoked responses, obtained in the context of an oddball paradigm, and its magnetoencephalographically recorded counterpart (P3m) are generated by the same intracranial sources; and, second, whether these sources, modeled as equivalent current dipoles, can be(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was determined in adult rat frontal cortex and hippocampus by measuring the conversion of L-[3H]arginine to L-[3H]citrulline. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), but not kainate or alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA), stimulated NOS activity. This effect was concentration dependent (EC50 approximately 30(More)
Recent studies aimed at identifying the mechanisms that regulate the signaling of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have revealed that both protein kinase and protein phosphatase activity are important in directly modulating mGluR function. The inter-relationship between phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of mGluRs seems to be an important(More)
The serine proteases tissue plasminogen activator, plasmin, and thrombin and their receptors have previously been suggested to contribute to neuronal damage in certain pathological situations. Here we demonstrate that mice lacking protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) have a 3.1-fold reduction in infarct volume after transient focal cerebral ischemia.(More)
Dopamine (DA), at concentrations greater than 100 microM, has previously been demonstrated to be toxic to mesencephalic, striatal and dorsal root ganglion cell cultures. Pharmacological experiments suggest that DA also may play a role in the cortical neurotoxicity caused by systemic administration of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists such as(More)
We investigated group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) modulation of glutamatergic input onto hilar-border interneurones and its regulation of feedback inhibition in the dentate gyrus. Selective activation of group II mGluRs with (2S,2'R,3'R)-2-(2',3'-dicarboxycyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV) depressed mossy fibre (MF)-evoked excitatory drive to these(More)