Suchitra Somers

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Macrophages (Mphi) have been implicated in the suppression of lymphocyte function following thermal injury. Splenocytes isolated from C57BL/ 6NCR female mice 4-7 days after thermal injury displayed suppressed proliferative responses to Concanavalin A (ConA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and high levels of reactive nitrogen intermediate (RNI) production.(More)
Murine macrophages from sites of inflammation develop toward tumoricidal competence by exposure to a macrophage-activating factor such as interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). To explore the biochemical transductional events initiated by IFN-gamma, peritoneal macrophages from C57BL/6J mice elicited by various sterile irritants were treated in vitro with two(More)
C57BL/6 mice were subjected to a full thickness scald thermal injury covering 25% of their total body surface area, and thioglycollate elicited peritoneal macrophages (Mphi were isolated 4 days later. Mphi from injured mice produced significantly greater amounts of reactive nitrogen intermediates and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in response to(More)
LPS and lipid A initiated enhanced hydrolysis of PIP2 in macrophages. When murine peritoneal macrophages were labeled with [2-3H]myoinositol and stimulated with either LPS or lipid A, a rapid (within 10 sec) rise in Ins(1,4,5)P3 was observed. The breakdown pattern of Ins(1,4,5)P3 was complex; this included breakdown of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and formation of(More)
The content of Ca2+-, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase activity (protein kinase C) in murine peritoneal macrophages treated with recombinant interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) has been investigated. Protein kinase C activity was solubilized by nonionic detergent extraction of sonicated cells and separated by high performance liquid chromatography on a TSK(More)
Because alterations in the dietary content of fatty acids are an important method for modulating macrophage eicosanoid production, we have quantitated the levels of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in peritoneal macrophage individual phospholipids from mice fed diets (3 wk) with either safflower oil (SAF), predominantly containing 18:2n-6, borage(More)
To understand the differential role of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) in the process of macrophage tumoricidal activation, we investigated the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nitric oxide in activated murine macrophages and the effects of those lymphokines on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-mediated down-regulation.(More)
The lymphocyte function-associated (LFA)-1 molecule is expressed on certain populations of macrophages that have an augmented capacity to capture tumor cells. Accordingly, we analyzed the role of LFA-1 in the establishment of such cell-cell interactions. F(ab')2 fragments of the M17/4, anti-LFA-1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) inhibited the interaction between(More)
Dietary exposure to n-3 fats found in marine fish oils are known to reduce certain inflammatory conditions. Although depressed prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production is thought to be a major mechanism of the beneficial effects, the direct effects of n-3 fatty acids on inflammatory macrophage function are not well understood. In this study, production of the(More)