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The OCR is an electronic conversion of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text. The Optical Character System is available for various languages, such as English, Chinese and Arabic script, but it is commercially not available for Odia script. We have taken a step to develop OCR system for Odia language. The OCR(More)
In MANET nodes are battery operated with dynamic network topology due to mobility of nodes.. Therefore energy efficiency is an important design consideration to extend the lifetime of networks. Topology of network plays an important role for energy conservation. This paper addresses how the topology of the network can be adjusted by controlling the(More)
Energy consumption and network connectivity are two of the important research issues that are yet to be resolved in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). However, only a few topology control methods (e. g. [1]) take into account the low interference as a goal of the methods. Some researchers tried to indirectly reduce the interference by reducing the(More)
Wireless networking has witnessed an explosion of interest from consumers in recent years for its applications in mobile and personal communication. Energy efficiency is also an important design consideration due to the limited battery life of wireless node. In order to maximize the network life time and to minimize energy consumption, instead of routing(More)
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