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A combination of PCR-Select cDNA subtraction and gene array hybridization was used to identify differentially expressed genomic markers in brains of rats fed for 3 weeks in utero and 2 weeks after birth on an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-deficient diet supplied to dams. Total RNA was isolated, switch mechanism at 5'-end of the RNA transcripts(More)
The observation that apoptosis is an inherent pathway in oligodendrocytes development coupled with the notion that wild-type p53 is expressed in these cells, prompted us to investigate the interrelationship between the two phenomena. Using a permanent oligodendroglia-like cell line (OLN 93), we examined the role of p53 protein in apoptosis following a DNA(More)
The present work examines the effect of membrane lipid composition on activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERK) and cell death following oxidative stress. When subjected to 50 microM docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22 : 6 n-3), cellular phospholipids of OLN 93 cells, a clonal line of oligodendroglia origin low in DHA, were enriched with(More)
The kinetics of protein kinase C (PKC) translocation and down-regulation in the 20-day-old fetal brain following short and long episodes of maternal-fetal blood flow occlusion were examined. Restriction for up to 15 min increased the specific enzymatic activity in the membrane by 73%, indicative of translocation. After a 30-min restriction and a 2.5-h(More)
PC12 pheochromocytoma cells in monolayer cultures secrete increased amounts of glycoproteins into the medium following the addition of nerve growth factor (NGF) or of brain gangliosides. After a 48-h incubation with 50 ng/ml NGF there is approximately a twofold increase in the total [14C]glucosamine-labeled, ethanol-precipitable cellular material released(More)
When deprived of serum, oligodendroglialike (OLN 93) cells grown on poly-L-lysine-coated culture dishes cease to proliferate after 3 days and morphologically extend many fibers resembling morphologically differentiated, immature oligodendrocytes. At this time no cell death is apparent unless serum deprivation is extended for a period longer than 1 week.(More)
Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum antibiotics that are also used to induce gene expression using the reverse tetracycline transactivator / tetracycline operator system (rtTA/tetO system). The system assumes that tetracyclines have no effects on mammals. However, a number of studies suggest that tetracyclines may have powerful anti-inflammatory effects. We(More)
Ischemic stress is associated with marked changes in gene expression in the hippocampus--albeit little information exists on the activation of nonabundant genes. We have examined the expression of several known genes and identified novel ones in the adult rat hippocampus after a mild, transient, hypovolemic and hypotensive, global ischemic stress. An(More)
C6 rat glioma cells incubated in serum-free medium with D-[14C]glucosamine secrete, on stimulation with nerve growth factor (NGF) or monosialogangliosides (MSGs), several glycoproteins (Gps), the most prominent of which are a 270-, 220-, and 69-kDa Gp. Several growth factors, hormones, phorbol ester, and disialo- and trisialogangliosides did not stimulate(More)
Three distinct, maternal-independent routes (e.g. intraamniotic, intraperitoneal and intracerebral), for [1-13C]glucose utilization by fetal brain and liver tissues, were examined by multinuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy before and after vascular occlusion of the maternal-fetal blood flow. Labeled lactate was the major glycolytic product by all(More)