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The bitter taste receptor T2R38 has been shown to regulate mucosal innate immune responses in the upper airway epithelium. Furthermore, SNPs in T2R38 influence the sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) and are associated with caries risk/protection. However, no study has been reported on the role of T2R38 in the innate immune responses to oral(More)
The urocortin (Ucn) family of neuropeptides is suggested to be involved in homeostatic coping mechanisms of the central stress response through the activation of corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 2 (CRFR2). The neuropeptides, Ucn1 and Ucn2, serve as endogenous ligands for the CRFR2, which is highly expressed by the dorsal raphe serotonergic(More)
The observation that apoptosis is an inherent pathway in oligodendrocytes development coupled with the notion that wild-type p53 is expressed in these cells, prompted us to investigate the interrelationship between the two phenomena. Using a permanent oligodendroglia-like cell line (OLN 93), we examined the role of p53 protein in apoptosis following a DNA(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has a key role in the central stress response, and altered levels of this neuropeptide are linked to stress-related psychopathologies such as anxiety and depression. These disorders are associated with the inability to properly regulate stress response, specifically following exposure to prolonged stressful stimuli.(More)
C6 rat glioma cells incubated in serum-free medium with D-[14C]glucosamine secrete, on stimulation with nerve growth factor (NGF) or monosialogangliosides (MSGs), several glycoproteins (Gps), the most prominent of which are a 270-, 220-, and 69-kDa Gp. Several growth factors, hormones, phorbol ester, and disialo- and trisialogangliosides did not stimulate(More)
Ischemic stress is associated with marked changes in gene expression in the hippocampus--albeit little information exists on the activation of nonabundant genes. We have examined the expression of several known genes and identified novel ones in the adult rat hippocampus after a mild, transient, hypovolemic and hypotensive, global ischemic stress. An(More)
We analyzed the expression of five protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms in cytosolic and membrane fractions from normal rat hepatocytes compared with those of two tumorigenic cell lines FAO and HepG2. Western blots with PKC-specific isoenzymes polyclonal antibodies provide evidences for the presence of the five isoforms alpha, beta II, delta, epsilon and zeta in(More)
Cysteine-rich protein-61 (CYR61), also known as connective tissue growth factor, CYR61, and nephroblastoma overexpressed gene 1 (CCN1), is a heparin-binding protein member of the CCN family of matricellular proteins. Gene expression profiles showed that Cyr61 is upregulated in human acute lung injury (ALI), but its functional role is unclear. We(More)
The present work examines the effect of membrane lipid composition on activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERK) and cell death following oxidative stress. When subjected to 50 microM docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22 : 6 n-3), cellular phospholipids of OLN 93 cells, a clonal line of oligodendroglia origin low in DHA, were enriched with(More)
A major reason for brain tissue vulnerability to oxidative damage is the high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Oligodendroglia-like OLN 93 cells lack PUFAs and are relatively insensitive to oxidative stress. When grown in serum-free defined medium in the presence of 0.1 mM docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3) for 3 days, OLN 93 cells release(More)