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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the drug prescribing trends in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary care hospital in eastern India. METHODS The study was a prospective study that spanned for a period of 6 months from March 2005 to August 2005. Prescriptions and patient records were reviewed and analyzed using the World Health Organization (WHO)(More)
Although sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among newborns in resource-poor countries, little data are available from rural areas on culture-proven sepsis. The aim of the present study was to provide information in this regard. The study reports results on the incidence and aetiology of neonatal sepsis cases admitted to a facility in a rural(More)
The aim of this work is to design a semi-automatic application that can be used as an aid by the doctors for smoothly conducting Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE). A simplified version of the examination which provides a quantitative neurological assessment is used to design the application. The application includes a methodology of(More)
Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) is a popular method to estimate the neurologi-cal development of infants aged less than two years. Using HINE, especially for preterm or premature babies, the risk of neural disorder can be minimized through proper preventive measures. This paper presents the design of a semi-automatic application that can(More)
OBJECTIVE To review aetiological agents of neonatal sepsis and their antibiotic resistance pattern over the past 3 years, at a 20 bedded Level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in eastern India. METHODS Blood culture reports of culture positive sepsis were reviewed for the period 2007-2009. Demographic data of the babies was collected. RESULTS(More)
AIM Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a nonconventional low-cost method of newborn care. Our aim was to assess the effect of sustained KMC on the growth and development of low birthweight Indian babies up to the age of 12 months. METHODS We enrolled 500 mother and baby pairs, in groups of five, in a parallel group controlled clinical trial. The three infants(More)
Early and intensive intervention can have a profound impact on the quality of life for children at risk for autism. Hence a high degree of suspicion towards babies exposed to known risk factors is warranted. Previous studies have shown that different perinatal factors like antepartum bleeding, postmaturity, birth asphyxia, meconium aspiration syndrome,(More)
The present study tried to determine the hearing threshold by brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA) in the high-risk infants from a mediocre socio-economic background at around 1 year of age and correlate different risk factors with hearing loss. BERA was done on 127 infants of 6-18 months age of which 87 were high risk. All were given monaural(More)
This paper presents image and video analysis based schemes to automate the process of adductors angle measurement which is carried out on infants as a part of Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE). Image segmentation, thinning and feature point based object tracking are used for automating the analysis. Segmentation outputs are processed with a(More)
Detection of non-cerebral activities or artifacts, intermixed within the background EEG, is essential to discard them from subsequent pattern analysis. The problem is much harder in neonatal EEG, where the background EEG contains spikes, waves, and rapid fluctuations in amplitude and frequency. Existing artifact detection methods are mostly limited to(More)