Subrata Kumar Biswas

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Calmodulin (CaM) regulates steady-state inactivation of sodium currents (Na(V)1.4) in skeletal muscle. Defects in Na current inactivation are associated with pathological muscle conditions such as myotonia and paralysis. The mechanisms of CaM modulation of expression and function of the Na channel are incompletely understood. A physical association between(More)
AIMS The presence of hypertension increases renal oxidative stress by increasing NADPH oxidase-dependent superoxide production and by decreasing antioxidant defense in the early stage of experimental diabetes mellitus (DM). In the present study, we investigated whether the administration of an antioxidant mimetic of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) (tempol)(More)
Green tea (GT), through its antioxidant properties, may be useful to treat or prevent human diseases. Because several lines of evidence suggest that oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, we tested the hypothesis that GT prevents diabetes and hypertension-related renal oxidative stress, attenuating renal injury.(More)
Clearance of apoptotic cells by macrophages and other phagocytic cells, called efferocytosis, is a central process in the resolution of inflammation. Although the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been shown to participate in a variety of acute and chronic inflammatory processes in the lungs and other organs, a role for RAGE in(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in many chronic diseases. However, antioxidant trials are so far largely unsuccessful as a preventive or curative measure. Chronic low-grade inflammatory process, on the other hand, plays a central role in the pathogenesis of a number of chronic diseases. Oxidative stress and inflammation are closely related(More)
Inflammation is pivotal to the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Hypertension is the main secondary risk factor associated with DR. The mechanisms by which hypertension increases the risk for DR are poorly understood. The aim of the current study was to investigate the contribution of genetic hypertension to early retinal inflammation in(More)
The present study was undertaken to identify whether inflammation or oxidative stress is the primary abnormality in the kidney in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Renal inflammation and oxidative stress were evaluated in 2- and 3-week-old prehypertensive SHR and age-matched genetically normotensive control Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Blood pressure was(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids are the mainstream drugs used in the treatment and control of inflammatory diseases such as asthma. Annexin-1 (ANXA1) is an anti-inflammatory protein which has been described as an endogenous protein responsible for some anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid effects. Previous studies have identified its importance in other immune(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic retinopathy displays the features of a neurodegenerative disease. Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. This investigation sought to determine whether hypertension exacerbates the oxidative stress, neurodegeneration, and mitochondrial dysfunction that exists in diabetic retinopathy and whether these(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of diabetes and hypertension increases the incidence and severity of kidney disease in an additive manner. Inflammatory and oxidative stress mechanisms contribute to renal damage in both diabetes and hypertension. Therefore, we investigated whether renal macrophage infiltration and oxidative stress events are additive from the(More)